A Role of CXCL1 Drives Osteosarcoma Lung Metastasis via VCAM-1 Production

Chiang Wen Lee, Yao Chang Chiang, Pei An Yu, Kuo Ti Peng, Miao Ching Chi, Ming Hsueh Lee, Mei Ling Fang, Kuan Han Lee, Lee Fen Hsu, Ju Fang Liu

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1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Osteosarcoma, a common aggressive and malignant cancer, appears in the musculoskeletal system among young adults. The major cause of mortality in osteosarcoma was the recurrence of lung metastases. However, the molecular mechanisms of metastasis involved in osteosarcomas remain unclear. Recently, CXCL1 and CXCR2 have been crucial indicators for lung metastasis in osteosarcoma by paracrine releases, suggesting the involvement of directing neutrophils into tumor microenvironment. In this study, overexpression of CXCL1 has a positive correlation with the migratory and invasive activities in osteosarcoma cell lines. Furthermore, the signaling pathway, CXCR2/FAK/PI3K/Akt, is activated through CXCL1 by promoting vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) via upregulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expression and nuclear translocation. The in vivo animal model further demonstrated that CXCL1 serves as a critical promoter in osteosarcoma metastasis to the lung. The correlated expression of CXCL1 and VCAM-1 was observed in the immunohistochemistry staining from human osteosarcoma specimens. Our findings demonstrate the cascade mechanism regulating the network in lung metastasis osteosarcoma, therefore indicating that the CXCL1/CXCR2 pathway is a worthwhile candidate to further develop treatment schemas.

原文英語
文章編號735277
期刊Frontiers in Oncology
11
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 10月 25 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘤科
  • 癌症研究

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