A review of risk factors and patterns of motorcycle injuries

Mau Roung Lin, Jess F. Kraus

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

200 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Per vehicle mile traveled, motorcycle riders have a 34-fold higher risk of death in a crash than people driving other types of motor vehicles. While lower-extremity injuries most commonly occur in all motorcycle crashes, head injuries are most frequent in fatal crashes. Helmets and helmet use laws have been shown to be effective in reducing head injuries and deaths from motorcycle crashes. Alcohol is the major contributing factor to fatal crashes. Enforcement of legal limits on the blood alcohol concentration is effective in reducing motorcycle deaths, while some alcohol-related interventions such as a minimal legal drinking age, increased alcohol excise taxes, and responsible beverage service specifically for motorcycle riders have not been examined. Other modifiable protective or risk factors comprise inexperience and driver training, conspicuity and daytime headlight laws, motorcycle licensure and ownership, riding speed, and risk-taking behaviors. Features of motorcycle use and potentially effective prevention programs for motorcycle crash injuries in developing countries are discussed. Finally, recommendations for future motorcycle-injury research are made.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)710-722
頁數13
期刊Accident Analysis and Prevention
41
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 2009

指紋

Motorcycles
motorcycle
Wounds and Injuries
Alcohols
alcohol
Head Protective Devices
death
Craniocerebral Trauma
Driver training
Headlights
driver training
Beverages
Law
Ownership
Taxes
Motor Vehicles
Licensure
Risk-Taking
Taxation
Developing countries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Law
  • Medicine(all)

引用此文

A review of risk factors and patterns of motorcycle injuries. / Lin, Mau Roung; Kraus, Jess F.

於: Accident Analysis and Prevention, 卷 41, 編號 4, 07.2009, p. 710-722.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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