Objective: To compare the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and fresh embryo transfer (ET) using corifollitropin alfa in ultrashort gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) protocol and GnRH antagonist protocol. Materials and methods: A total of 245 unselected patients undergoing IVF/fresh ET were enrolled between January 1 and December 31, 2017, including 135 treated with ultrashort GnRHa protocol and 110 treated with antagonist protocol. The primary outcomes were number of total injections and outpatient department (OPD) visits before ovulation triggering. The secondary outcomes were the duration of stimulation, dosage of additional gonadotropin for ovarian hyperstimulation, rates of pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, live birth, ovarian response, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rate. Results: Patients treated with ultrashort GnRHa required less additional gonadotropin, fewer total injections, but had better ovarian responses, including more oocytes retrieved, more metaphase II oocytes, and more blastocysts than those treated with antagonist did. A premature LH surge occurred only in six patients treated with antagonist protocol. The rates of pregnancy (37.0% vs. 43.6%), clinical pregnancy (25.2% vs. 34.6%), and live birth (19.3% vs. 30.0%) did not differ significantly between the two groups. The OHSS rate was similar in the two groups. Conclusion: In unselected patients using corifollitropin alfa, the ultrashort GnRHa protocol needed lower dose of additional gonadotropin and fewer injections but produced similar pregnancy outcomes than antagonist protocol did, suggesting that the ultrashort GnRHa protocol could be an alternative.
ASJC Scopus subject areas