This study used a longitudinal dataset and lagged dependent-variable panel regression models to examine whether political and economic characteristics directly predict under-5-year mortality rates (U5MR), and moderate the effects of health services and environment on U5MR. We used a sample of 46 less-developed countries from 1980 to 2009. Our results showed that the effects of political and economic characteristics on U5MR varied by non-sub-Saharan and sub-Saharan countries. After controlling for baseline U5MR and other socioeconomic variables, while foreign investment and health services were negatively associated U5MR, democracy was positively associated with U5MR in nonsub-Saharan countries. In contrast, debt was positively associated with and democracy and foreign investment were negatively associated with U5MR in sub-Saharan countries. The interaction analyses indicated that for sub-Saharan countries, the effects of health services on U5MR only existed for countries with low foreign investment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Chuang, Y. C., Sung, P. W., Jasmine Chao, H., Bai, C. H., & Chang, C. J. (2013). A longitudinal ecological study of the influences of political, economic, and health services characteristics on under-five mortality in less-developed countries. Health and Place, 23, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.05.007