We propose a flexible form-fittingMRI receiver coil array assembledby individualcoilmodules. This design targetsMRI applications requiring a receiver array conforming to the anatomy of various shapes or sizes. Coil modules in our proposed array were arranged with gaps between them. Each coil module had a circumferential shielding structure stacked on top of the coil. Together they achieve robust decoupling when the array was bent differently. Two types of the circumferential shielding structure were investigatedby using full-wave electromagnetic simulations and imaging experiments. Results showed that our flexible coil array had good decoupling between coils whether they were on a flat or curved surface with the S 21 magnitude ranged between -18.1 dB and -19.9 dB in simulations, and with the average of off-diagonal entries of the noise correlationmatrix less than 0.047 in experimentalmeasurements. Anatomical images of human brain, calf, and knee were acquired by our seven-channel prototype on a 3T MRI system. The maximal and the average SNR within 50 mm from our array surpassed those from the commercial 32-channel head and 4-channel flexible coil arrays by 2.63/1.35-fold and 3.89/1.50-fold, respectively.
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