Obese patients are predisposed to rapid oxygen desaturation during tracheal intubation. We aimed to compare the risk of desaturation between high-flow nasal oxygenation (HFNO) and classical facemask oxygenation (FMO) during rapid sequence intubation for elective surgery in obese patients. Adults with a body mass index ≥30 kg·m−2 undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy at a medical center were randomized into the HFNO group (n = 40) and FMO group (n = 40). In the HFNO group, patients used a high-flow nasal cannula to receive 30 to 50 L·min−1 flow of heated and humidified 100% oxygen. In the FMO group, patients received a fitting facemask with 15 L·min−1 flow of 100% oxygen. After 5-min preoxygenation, rapid sequence intubation was performed. The primary outcome was arterial desaturation during intubation, defined as a peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) <92%. The risk of peri-intubation desaturation was significantly lower in the HFNO group compared to the FMO group; absolute risk reduction: 0.20 (95% confidence interval: 0.05–0.35, p = 0.0122); number needed to treat: 5. The lowest SpO2 during intubation was significantly increased by HFNO (median 99%, interquartile range: 97–100) compared to FMO (96, 92–100, p = 0.0150). HFNO achieved a higher partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2 ) compared to FMO, with medians of 476 mmHg (interquartile range: 390–541) and 397 (351–456, p = 0.0010), respectively. There was no difference in patients’ comfort level between groups. Compared with standard FMO, HFNO with apneic oxygenation reduced arterial desaturation during tracheal intubation and enhanced PaO2 among patients with obesity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)