A Comparison of Oxygenation Efficacy between High-Flow Nasal Cannulas and Standard Facemasks during Elective Tracheal Intubation for Patients with Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Obese patients are predisposed to rapid oxygen desaturation during tracheal intubation. We aimed to compare the risk of desaturation between high-flow nasal oxygenation (HFNO) and classical facemask oxygenation (FMO) during rapid sequence intubation for elective surgery in obese patients. Adults with a body mass index ≥30 kg·m−2 undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy at a medical center were randomized into the HFNO group (n = 40) and FMO group (n = 40). In the HFNO group, patients used a high-flow nasal cannula to receive 30 to 50 L·min−1 flow of heated and humidified 100% oxygen. In the FMO group, patients received a fitting facemask with 15 L·min−1 flow of 100% oxygen. After 5-min preoxygenation, rapid sequence intubation was performed. The primary outcome was arterial desaturation during intubation, defined as a peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) <92%. The risk of peri-intubation desaturation was significantly lower in the HFNO group compared to the FMO group; absolute risk reduction: 0.20 (95% confidence interval: 0.05–0.35, p = 0.0122); number needed to treat: 5. The lowest SpO2 during intubation was significantly increased by HFNO (median 99%, interquartile range: 97–100) compared to FMO (96, 92–100, p = 0.0150). HFNO achieved a higher partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2 ) compared to FMO, with medians of 476 mmHg (interquartile range: 390–541) and 397 (351–456, p = 0.0010), respectively. There was no difference in patients’ comfort level between groups. Compared with standard FMO, HFNO with apneic oxygenation reduced arterial desaturation during tracheal intubation and enhanced PaO2 among patients with obesity.
原文英語
文章編號1700
期刊Journal of Clinical Medicine
11
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 醫藥 (全部)

指紋

深入研究「A Comparison of Oxygenation Efficacy between High-Flow Nasal Cannulas and Standard Facemasks during Elective Tracheal Intubation for Patients with Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此