A bioinspired hyperthermic macrophage-based polypyrrole-polyethylenimine (Ppy-PEI) nanocomplex carrier to prevent and disrupt thrombotic fibrin clots

Thierry Burnouf, Chih Hwa Chen, Shun Jen Tan, Ching Li Tseng, Kun Ying Lu, Lee Hsin Chang, Batzaya Nyambat, Shao Chan Huang, Pei Ru Jheng, Robby Nur Aditya, Fwu Long Mi, Er Yuan Chuang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Fibrinolytic treatments for venous or arterial thrombotic syndromes using systemic administration of thrombolytics, such as streptokinase, can induce life-threatening bleeding complications. In this study, we offer the first proof of concept for a targeted photothermal fibrin clot prevention and reduction technology using macrophages loaded with polypyrrole-polyethylenimine nanocomplexes (Ppy-PEI NCs) and subjected to near-infrared radiation (NIR). We first show that the developed Ppy-PEI NCs could be taken up by defensive macrophages in vitro through endocytosis. The Ppy-PEI NCs generated local hyperthermia upon NIR treatment, which appeared to produce reactive oxygen species in Ppy-PEI NC-loaded macrophages. Preliminary evidence of efficacy as an antithrombotic tool is provided, in vitro, using fibrinogen-converted fibrin clots, and in vivo, in a rat femoral vascular thrombosis model generated by exposure to ferric chloride substance. The in vivo biocompatibility, photothermal behavior, biodistribution, and histological observation of cellular interactions with the Ppy-PEI NCs in the rat model provide rationale in support of further preclinical studies. This Ppy-PEI NC/NIR-based method, which uses a unique macrophage-guided targeting approach to prevent and lyse fibrin clots, may potentially overcome some of the disadvantages of current thrombolytic treatments. Statement of Significance: Fibrinolytic treatments for venous or arterial thrombotic syndromes using systemic administration of thrombolytics, such as streptokinase, can induce life-threatening bleeding complications. In this study, we offer the first proof of concept for a targeted photothermal fibrin clot reduction technology using macrophages loaded with polypyrrole-polyethylenimine nanocomplexes (Ppy-PEI NCs) and subjected to near-infrared radiation (NIR). We first show that the developed Ppy-PEI NCs can be taken up by defensive macrophages in vitro through endocytosis. The Ppy-PEI NCs generated local hyperthermia upon NIR treatment, which appeared to produce reactive oxygen species in Ppy-PEI NC-loaded macrophages. Preliminary evidence of efficacy as an antithrombotic tool is provided, in vitro, using fibrinogen-converted fibrin clots, and in vivo, in a rat femoral vascular thrombosis model generated by exposure to ferric chloride substance. The in vivo biocompatibility, photothermal behavior, biodistribution, and histological observation of cellular interactions with the Ppy-PEI NCs in the rat model provide rationale in support of further preclinical studies. This Ppy-PEI NC/NIR-based method, which uses a unique macrophage-guided targeting approach to disintegrate fibrin clots, may potentially overcome some of the disadvantages of current thrombolytic treatments.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)468-479
頁數12
期刊Acta Biomaterialia
96
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 15 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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