Aim: To evaluate the effect of 2,3,5,4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) on cell proliferation and examine the mechanisms of THSG-enhanced proliferative potential in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC). Methodology: After treatment with THSG, hDPSC were collected. Cell viability was determined by MTS assay, while messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of proliferation and stem cell markers were analyzed using real-time PCR. Flow cytometry was also conducted to analysis protein expression of stem cell markers. A colony-forming unit assay of hDPSC was carried out. Cellular telomerase activity was also identified using real-time PCR. In addition, proliferation-related proteins involved in the effects of THSG on hDPSC were analyzed by Western blotting. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and two-tailed Student's t-test. Results: Cell viability, colony-forming rates and telomerase activities of hDPSCs were enhanced after THSG treatment. mRNA expressions of proliferation markers (including expressions of NAD+-dependent histone deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cyclin D1 and ribonucleotide reductase subunit M2 (RRM2)) increased significantly after THSG treatment (P < 0.05). Treatment with THSG for 3 h significantly augmented SIRT1 protein expression (P < 0.05). Furthermore, activities of proliferation-related proteins (including AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) had also significantly increased at 3 h (P < 0.05). After THSG treatment, increased gene and protein expressions of pluripotent-like stem cell markers (including NANOG, OCT4, and SOX2) were observed. Conclusions: 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-glucoside treatment enhanced the renewal ability and proliferative potential of hDPSCs via the AMPK/ERK/SIRT1 axis, which may provide a novel autogenic cell-based therapeutic strategy in regenerative dentistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas