衛生教育介入對於社區婦女在預防骨質疏鬆症知識、健康信念及行為成效之探討

張 淑芳(Shu-Fang Chang), 陳 靜敏, 陳 品玲(Ping-Ling Chen)

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

This research was aimed to evaluate the effects of health education on preventing osteoporosis among women in the community. The purposes of this study included: (1) identifying factors related to community women’s knowledge, health beliefs and behavior about osteoporosis prevention; (2) to compare the effects of different health education programs on changing the women’s related knowledge, health beliefs and behavior; and (3) to identify the factors that influence the women’s osteoporosis preventive behavior. The experiment group had 98 women and the control group had 206 women. The first respondent rates of the experimental and the control groups were 100% and 50.9%. The second respondent rates of the experimental one, two and control groups were 95.9% (47/49)、97.7% (42/49)及86.7% (91/105)。 Major findings were as follows: Women’s knowledge was negatively related to age, and positively related to calcium intake (r=-0.12,p<0.05;p<0.05). Duration of breast-feeding was negatively correlated with perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers (r=-0.26,p<0.05;r=-0.36,p<0.05;r=-0.22,p<0.05). Women’s osteoporosis preventiive behavior were positively related to their perceived health status and number of children; and negatively related to the age when fracture occurred (r=0.14,p<0.05;r=0.16,p<0.05;r=-0.63,p<0.05). Group health education could effectively improve women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity and behavior intention as an immediate outcome. Through group and individual health education, women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers of action and actually behavior were all significantly improved (t=-7.79,p<.05;t=-5.99,p<.05;t=-5.98,p<0.5;t=-5.18;p<.05,t=-4.35,p<.05). The major predictor for women’s Osteoporosis preventing behavior was behavior intention (R^2=0.5915,F=205.64,p<0.05). Based on the results of this study, women’s osteoporosis prevention could be effectively increased by two types of education. Therefore, community health nurses should learn about effective ways for conducting health education. This would eventually enhance community women’s perceived susceptibility and reduce their perceived barriers to improve their intention and actual osteoporosis preventive behavior in their daily life.
原文繁體中文
頁(從 - 到)79-89
頁數11
期刊新臺北護理期刊
3
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2001

Keywords

  • 衛生教育
  • 骨質疏鬆症
  • 健康信念
  • 行為
  • health education
  • osteoporosis
  • health belief model
  • behavior

引用此文

衛生教育介入對於社區婦女在預防骨質疏鬆症知識、健康信念及行為成效之探討. / 張淑芳(Shu-Fang Chang); 陳靜敏; 陳品玲(Ping-Ling Chen).

於: 新臺北護理期刊, 卷 3, 編號 1, 2001, p. 79-89.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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title = "衛生教育介入對於社區婦女在預防骨質疏鬆症知識、健康信念及行為成效之探討",
abstract = "This research was aimed to evaluate the effects of health education on preventing osteoporosis among women in the community. The purposes of this study included: (1) identifying factors related to community women’s knowledge, health beliefs and behavior about osteoporosis prevention; (2) to compare the effects of different health education programs on changing the women’s related knowledge, health beliefs and behavior; and (3) to identify the factors that influence the women’s osteoporosis preventive behavior. The experiment group had 98 women and the control group had 206 women. The first respondent rates of the experimental and the control groups were 100{\%} and 50.9{\%}. The second respondent rates of the experimental one, two and control groups were 95.9{\%} (47/49)、97.7{\%} (42/49)及86.7{\%} (91/105)。 Major findings were as follows: Women’s knowledge was negatively related to age, and positively related to calcium intake (r=-0.12,p<0.05;p<0.05). Duration of breast-feeding was negatively correlated with perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers (r=-0.26,p<0.05;r=-0.36,p<0.05;r=-0.22,p<0.05). Women’s osteoporosis preventiive behavior were positively related to their perceived health status and number of children; and negatively related to the age when fracture occurred (r=0.14,p<0.05;r=0.16,p<0.05;r=-0.63,p<0.05). Group health education could effectively improve women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity and behavior intention as an immediate outcome. Through group and individual health education, women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers of action and actually behavior were all significantly improved (t=-7.79,p<.05;t=-5.99,p<.05;t=-5.98,p<0.5;t=-5.18;p<.05,t=-4.35,p<.05). The major predictor for women’s Osteoporosis preventing behavior was behavior intention (R^2=0.5915,F=205.64,p<0.05). Based on the results of this study, women’s osteoporosis prevention could be effectively increased by two types of education. Therefore, community health nurses should learn about effective ways for conducting health education. This would eventually enhance community women’s perceived susceptibility and reduce their perceived barriers to improve their intention and actual osteoporosis preventive behavior in their daily life.",
keywords = "衛生教育, 骨質疏鬆症, 健康信念, 行為, health education, osteoporosis, health belief model, behavior",
author = "張, {淑芳(Shu-Fang Chang)} and 靜敏 陳 and 陳, {品玲(Ping-Ling Chen)}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.6540/NTJN.2001.1.009",
language = "繁體中文",
volume = "3",
pages = "79--89",
journal = "新臺北護理期刊",
issn = "1563-1230",
publisher = "臺北醫學大學護理學院",
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AU - 張, 淑芳(Shu-Fang Chang)

AU - 陳, 靜敏

AU - 陳, 品玲(Ping-Ling Chen)

PY - 2001

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N2 - This research was aimed to evaluate the effects of health education on preventing osteoporosis among women in the community. The purposes of this study included: (1) identifying factors related to community women’s knowledge, health beliefs and behavior about osteoporosis prevention; (2) to compare the effects of different health education programs on changing the women’s related knowledge, health beliefs and behavior; and (3) to identify the factors that influence the women’s osteoporosis preventive behavior. The experiment group had 98 women and the control group had 206 women. The first respondent rates of the experimental and the control groups were 100% and 50.9%. The second respondent rates of the experimental one, two and control groups were 95.9% (47/49)、97.7% (42/49)及86.7% (91/105)。 Major findings were as follows: Women’s knowledge was negatively related to age, and positively related to calcium intake (r=-0.12,p<0.05;p<0.05). Duration of breast-feeding was negatively correlated with perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers (r=-0.26,p<0.05;r=-0.36,p<0.05;r=-0.22,p<0.05). Women’s osteoporosis preventiive behavior were positively related to their perceived health status and number of children; and negatively related to the age when fracture occurred (r=0.14,p<0.05;r=0.16,p<0.05;r=-0.63,p<0.05). Group health education could effectively improve women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity and behavior intention as an immediate outcome. Through group and individual health education, women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers of action and actually behavior were all significantly improved (t=-7.79,p<.05;t=-5.99,p<.05;t=-5.98,p<0.5;t=-5.18;p<.05,t=-4.35,p<.05). The major predictor for women’s Osteoporosis preventing behavior was behavior intention (R^2=0.5915,F=205.64,p<0.05). Based on the results of this study, women’s osteoporosis prevention could be effectively increased by two types of education. Therefore, community health nurses should learn about effective ways for conducting health education. This would eventually enhance community women’s perceived susceptibility and reduce their perceived barriers to improve their intention and actual osteoporosis preventive behavior in their daily life.

AB - This research was aimed to evaluate the effects of health education on preventing osteoporosis among women in the community. The purposes of this study included: (1) identifying factors related to community women’s knowledge, health beliefs and behavior about osteoporosis prevention; (2) to compare the effects of different health education programs on changing the women’s related knowledge, health beliefs and behavior; and (3) to identify the factors that influence the women’s osteoporosis preventive behavior. The experiment group had 98 women and the control group had 206 women. The first respondent rates of the experimental and the control groups were 100% and 50.9%. The second respondent rates of the experimental one, two and control groups were 95.9% (47/49)、97.7% (42/49)及86.7% (91/105)。 Major findings were as follows: Women’s knowledge was negatively related to age, and positively related to calcium intake (r=-0.12,p<0.05;p<0.05). Duration of breast-feeding was negatively correlated with perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers (r=-0.26,p<0.05;r=-0.36,p<0.05;r=-0.22,p<0.05). Women’s osteoporosis preventiive behavior were positively related to their perceived health status and number of children; and negatively related to the age when fracture occurred (r=0.14,p<0.05;r=0.16,p<0.05;r=-0.63,p<0.05). Group health education could effectively improve women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity and behavior intention as an immediate outcome. Through group and individual health education, women’s knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers of action and actually behavior were all significantly improved (t=-7.79,p<.05;t=-5.99,p<.05;t=-5.98,p<0.5;t=-5.18;p<.05,t=-4.35,p<.05). The major predictor for women’s Osteoporosis preventing behavior was behavior intention (R^2=0.5915,F=205.64,p<0.05). Based on the results of this study, women’s osteoporosis prevention could be effectively increased by two types of education. Therefore, community health nurses should learn about effective ways for conducting health education. This would eventually enhance community women’s perceived susceptibility and reduce their perceived barriers to improve their intention and actual osteoporosis preventive behavior in their daily life.

KW - 衛生教育

KW - 骨質疏鬆症

KW - 健康信念

KW - 行為

KW - health education

KW - osteoporosis

KW - health belief model

KW - behavior

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DO - 10.6540/NTJN.2001.1.009

M3 - 文章

VL - 3

SP - 79

EP - 89

JO - 新臺北護理期刊

JF - 新臺北護理期刊

SN - 1563-1230

IS - 1

ER -