不同呼吸法操作誘導型肺計量器對心臟手術後病患肺功能及心率變異之影響

洪佩瑜, 顏妙芬, 張瑩如, 蔡佩珊

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Incentive spirometry is commonly used to prevent postoperative lung atelectasis and pulmonary complications in cardiac surgery patients. However, when incentive spirometry is used clinically, patients frequently breathe by chest stretching until reminded by clinical experts to breath abdominally. This study examined the effect of different breathing methods on pulmonary function and heart rate variability in cardiac surgery patients using incentive spirometry. An experimental design was utilized for research in which 31 patients undergoing median sternotomy for cardiac surgery from two medical centers in southern Taiwan were invited to participate. Group 1 (n=16) received abdominal breathing as their incentive spirometry intervention. Group 2 (n=15) used incentive spirometry with thoracic breathing method. Both groups received three pulmonary function tests administered, respectively, prior to the operation and on the 1st and 3rd day in the general ward. Heart rate variability was measured twice per day beginning on the day before the operation and ending three days after being transferred to the general ward after receiving incentive spirometry. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. Results showed significant interaction between time and group in the % FVC pred (F=9.233; p<.05). Additionally, when using incentive spirometry, LF% (F=12.006; p<.05) and LF/HF ratio (F=7.664; p<.05) were reduced, and HF% (F=12.006; p<.05) was enhanced during abdominal breathing as compared with thoracic breathing. The present study demonstrated optimal lung function recovery and also reflected a shift to the dominance of parasympathetic nerves regulation in using abdominal breathing rather than thoracic breathing with the application of incentive spirometry.
原文???core.languages.zh_TW???
頁(從 - 到)222-232
頁數11
期刊實證護理
4
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2008

Keywords

  • 呼吸法
  • 誘導型肺計量器
  • 肺功能
  • 心率變異
  • breathing method
  • incentive spirometry
  • pulmonary function
  • heart rate variability

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