β 2-GPI (β 2-glycoprotein I) is a plasma glycoprotein ascribed with an anti-angiogenic function; however, the biological role and molecular basis of its action in cell migration remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the contribution of β 2-GPI to HAEC (human aortic endothelial cell) migration and the details of its underlying mechanism. Using wound healing and Boyden chamber assays, we found that β 2-GPI inhibited endothelial cell migration, which was restored by its neutralizing antibody. NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) inhibitors and lentiviral siRNA (small interfering RNA) silencing of NF-κB significantly attenuated the inhibitory effect of β 2-GPI on cell migration. Moreover, β 2-GPI was found to induce IκBα (inhibitor of NF-κB) phosphorylation and translocation of p65 and p50. We further demonstrated that mRNA and protein levels of eNOS [endothelial NO (nitric oxide) synthase] and NO production were all increased by β 2-GPI and these effects were remarkably inhibited by NF-κB inhibitors and siRNAs of p65 and p50. Furthermore, β 2-GPI-mediated inhibition of cell migration was reversed by eNOS inhibitors and eNOS siRNAs. The findings of the present study provide novel insight into the ability of β 2-GPI to inhibit endothelial cell migration predominantly through the NF-κB/eNOS/NO signalling pathway, which indicates a potential direction for clinical therapy in vascular diseases.
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