Safety and efficacy of endovascular thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke treated with anticoagulants: a systematic review and meta-analysis



Abstract Background Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is an effective therapy in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion, especially for those who are unsuitable for intravenous thrombolysis. However, the safety and efficacy of EVT in AIS patients who receiving oral anticoagulants (OACs) is unclear, especially for the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). Methods Database of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched from Jan 1, 2000, through the final search date of Jun 2, 2021. Eligible studies for enrollment required outcomes reported for events of sICH, mortality, functional status, and successful reperfusion. Meta-analysis was conducted to compare the outcomes difference after EVT between AIS patients with or without OACs use. The primary safety outcome was sICH after EVT, and the primary efficacy outcome was functional status at 3 months. Results One thousand nine hundred forty studies were screened for eligibility and 15 of them were included in the meta-analysis. Compared the OACs group to control arm, vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) was associated with higher risk of sICH (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.10–2.02) and mortality (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.35–2.06). Poor functional outcomes were noted both in the VKAs and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) groups (OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.54–0.71 and OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.53–0.71, respectively). No differences in successful reperfusion were observed. Conclusions Comparing with DOACs, VKAs use was associated with a higher risk of sICH and mortality after EVT. Patients who did not receive OACs exhibited more favorable outcomes. The successful reperfusion did not differ between groups. However, results for mortality and functional outcomes have to be interpreted with caution since they are based on non-randomized data and unadjusted proportions.