3WX4 : CRYSTAL STRUCTURE of T4 PHAGE ARN PROTEIN

  • A.H.J. Wang (Contributor)
  • C. H. Ho (Contributor)
  • Hao-Ching Wang (Contributor)
  • T.P. Ko (Contributor)

資料集

Description

Experimental Technique/Method:X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Resolution:1.9
Classification:VIRAL PROTEIN
Release Date:2014-08-20
Deposition Date:2014-07-16
Revision Date:2014-12-10#2017-11-22
Molecular Weight:11981.58
Macromolecule Type:Protein
Residue Count:100
Atom Site Count:828
DOI:10.2210/pdb3wx4/pdb

Abstract:
The T4 phage protein Arn (Anti restriction nuclease) was identified as an inhibitor of the restriction enzyme McrBC. However, until now its molecular mechanism remained unclear. In the present study we used structural approaches to investigate biological properties of Arn. A structural analysis of Arn revealed that its shape and negative charge distribution are similar to dsDNA, suggesting that this protein could act as a DNA mimic. In a subsequent proteomic analysis, we found that the bacterial histone-like protein H-NS interacts with Arn, implying a new function. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed that Arn prevents H-NS from binding to the Escherichia coli hns and T4 p8.1 promoters. In vitro gene expression and electron microscopy analyses also indicated that Arn counteracts the gene-silencing effect of H-NS on a reporter gene. Because McrBC and H-NS both participate in the host defense system, our findings suggest that T4 Arn might knock down these mechanisms using its DNA mimicking properties.
可用日期八月 20 2014
發行者Unknown Publisher

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