ZFP36 family members include ZFP36, ZFP36L1, and ZFP36L2, which belong to CCCH-type zinc finger proteins with two tandem zinc finger (TZF) regions. Whether ZFP36L1 and ZFP36L2 have antiproliferative activities similar to that of ZFP36 is unclear. In this study, when ZFP36L1 or ZFP36L2 was overexpressed in T-REx-293 cells, cell proliferation was dramatically inhibited and the cell cycle was arrested at the G1 phase. The levels of cell-cycle-related proteins, including cyclin B, cyclin D, cyclin A, and p21, decreased; however, p53 increased in ZFP36L1-or ZFP36L2-overexpressing T-REx-293 cells. Forced expression of ZFP36L1 or ZFP36L2 also inhibited cell proliferation and cyclin D gene expression in three human colorectal cancer cell lines: HCT116 p53+/+, HCT116 p53-/-, and SW620 (mutated p53) cells. However, it increased p53 and p21 expression only in HCT116 p53+/+ cells. Knockdown of ZFP36L1 or ZFP36L2 increased cell proliferation and cyclin D expression; furthermore, the mutation of the TZF of ZFP36L1 or ZFP36L2 caused them to lose their antiproliferative ability, to the extent that they could not inhibit cyclin D expression in these three cell lines. The results indicated that ZFP36L1 and ZFP36L2 play a negative role in cell proliferation; the underlying mechanisms might be mediated through a cyclin D-dependent and p53-independent pathway.