Abstract

Over 2 million people suffer from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) each year. Predicting symptoms of mTBI and the characterization of those symptoms has been challenging. Biomarkers that correlate clinical symptoms to disease outcome are desired to improve understanding of the disease and optimize patient care. BMX, a member of the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, is upregulated after traumatic neural injury in a rat model of mTBI. The objective of this investigation was to determine if BMX serum concentrations can effectively be used to predict outcomes after mTBI in a clinical setting. A total of 63 patients with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS] between13-15) were included. Blood samples taken at the time of hospital admission were analyzed for BMX. Data collected included demographic and clinical variables. Outcomes were assessed using the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaire at baseline and 6 weeks post-injury. The participant was asssigned to 'case group' if the subject's complaints of dizziness became worse at 6th week assessment; otherwise, the participant was assigned to 'control group '. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to explore BMX level. Significant associations were found between serum levels of BMX and dizziness. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for prediction of change in DHI post-injury were 0.76 for total score, 0.69 for physical score, 0.65 for emotional score and 0.66 for functional score. Specificities were between 0.69 and 0.77 for total score and emotional score, respectively. Therefore, BMX demonstrates potential as a candidate serum biomarker of exacerbating dizziness after mTBI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2015

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Brain Concussion
Dizziness
Wounds and Injuries
Biomarkers
Serum
Equipment and Supplies
Coma
ROC Curve
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Area Under Curve
Patient Care
Demography
Control Groups

Cite this

@article{311c97455b5843d99dac3ad046990417,
title = "Worsening of dizziness impairment is associated with BMX level in patients after mild traumatic brain injury",
abstract = "Over 2 million people suffer from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) each year. Predicting symptoms of mTBI and the characterization of those symptoms has been challenging. Biomarkers that correlate clinical symptoms to disease outcome are desired to improve understanding of the disease and optimize patient care. BMX, a member of the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, is upregulated after traumatic neural injury in a rat model of mTBI. The objective of this investigation was to determine if BMX serum concentrations can effectively be used to predict outcomes after mTBI in a clinical setting. A total of 63 patients with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS] between13-15) were included. Blood samples taken at the time of hospital admission were analyzed for BMX. Data collected included demographic and clinical variables. Outcomes were assessed using the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaire at baseline and 6 weeks post-injury. The participant was asssigned to 'case group' if the subject's complaints of dizziness became worse at 6th week assessment; otherwise, the participant was assigned to 'control group '. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to explore BMX level. Significant associations were found between serum levels of BMX and dizziness. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for prediction of change in DHI post-injury were 0.76 for total score, 0.69 for physical score, 0.65 for emotional score and 0.66 for functional score. Specificities were between 0.69 and 0.77 for total score and emotional score, respectively. Therefore, BMX demonstrates potential as a candidate serum biomarker of exacerbating dizziness after mTBI.",
author = "Kai-Yun Chen and Tsai, {Tung Yao} and Cheng-Fu Chang and Tsai, {Yan Rou} and Ou, {Ju Chi} and Hon-Ping Ma and Shin-Han Tsai and Wen-Ta Chiu and Jia-Wei Lin and Liao, {Kuo Hsing} and Chien-Min Lin and Wu, {John Chung Che} and Yung-Hsiao Chiang",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1089/neu.2014.3691",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Neurotrauma",
issn = "0897-7151",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Worsening of dizziness impairment is associated with BMX level in patients after mild traumatic brain injury

AU - Chen, Kai-Yun

AU - Tsai, Tung Yao

AU - Chang, Cheng-Fu

AU - Tsai, Yan Rou

AU - Ou, Ju Chi

AU - Ma, Hon-Ping

AU - Tsai, Shin-Han

AU - Chiu, Wen-Ta

AU - Lin, Jia-Wei

AU - Liao, Kuo Hsing

AU - Lin, Chien-Min

AU - Wu, John Chung Che

AU - Chiang, Yung-Hsiao

PY - 2015/3/6

Y1 - 2015/3/6

N2 - Over 2 million people suffer from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) each year. Predicting symptoms of mTBI and the characterization of those symptoms has been challenging. Biomarkers that correlate clinical symptoms to disease outcome are desired to improve understanding of the disease and optimize patient care. BMX, a member of the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, is upregulated after traumatic neural injury in a rat model of mTBI. The objective of this investigation was to determine if BMX serum concentrations can effectively be used to predict outcomes after mTBI in a clinical setting. A total of 63 patients with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS] between13-15) were included. Blood samples taken at the time of hospital admission were analyzed for BMX. Data collected included demographic and clinical variables. Outcomes were assessed using the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaire at baseline and 6 weeks post-injury. The participant was asssigned to 'case group' if the subject's complaints of dizziness became worse at 6th week assessment; otherwise, the participant was assigned to 'control group '. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to explore BMX level. Significant associations were found between serum levels of BMX and dizziness. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for prediction of change in DHI post-injury were 0.76 for total score, 0.69 for physical score, 0.65 for emotional score and 0.66 for functional score. Specificities were between 0.69 and 0.77 for total score and emotional score, respectively. Therefore, BMX demonstrates potential as a candidate serum biomarker of exacerbating dizziness after mTBI.

AB - Over 2 million people suffer from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) each year. Predicting symptoms of mTBI and the characterization of those symptoms has been challenging. Biomarkers that correlate clinical symptoms to disease outcome are desired to improve understanding of the disease and optimize patient care. BMX, a member of the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, is upregulated after traumatic neural injury in a rat model of mTBI. The objective of this investigation was to determine if BMX serum concentrations can effectively be used to predict outcomes after mTBI in a clinical setting. A total of 63 patients with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS] between13-15) were included. Blood samples taken at the time of hospital admission were analyzed for BMX. Data collected included demographic and clinical variables. Outcomes were assessed using the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaire at baseline and 6 weeks post-injury. The participant was asssigned to 'case group' if the subject's complaints of dizziness became worse at 6th week assessment; otherwise, the participant was assigned to 'control group '. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to explore BMX level. Significant associations were found between serum levels of BMX and dizziness. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for prediction of change in DHI post-injury were 0.76 for total score, 0.69 for physical score, 0.65 for emotional score and 0.66 for functional score. Specificities were between 0.69 and 0.77 for total score and emotional score, respectively. Therefore, BMX demonstrates potential as a candidate serum biomarker of exacerbating dizziness after mTBI.

U2 - 10.1089/neu.2014.3691

DO - 10.1089/neu.2014.3691

M3 - Article

C2 - 25747875

JO - Journal of Neurotrauma

JF - Journal of Neurotrauma

SN - 0897-7151

ER -