Word Integration and Regression Programming During Reading

A Test of the E-Z Reader 10 Model

Albrecht W. Inhoff, Seth N. Greenberg, Matthew Solomon, Chin An Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Participants read sentences with two types of target nouns, one that did and one that did not require a determiner to form a legal verb-noun phrase sequence. Sentences were presented with and without the critical determiner to create a local noun integration difficulty when a required determiner was missing. The absence of a required determiner did not influence 1st-pass reading of the verb, the noun, and the posttarget word. It did, however, have a profound effect on 2nd-pass reading. All three words were a likely target of a regression when a required determiner was missing, and the noun and the posttarget word were likely sources of a regression. These results are consistent with novel E-Z reader model assumptions, according to which identification of the noun should be followed by its integration, and integration difficulties can lead to the initiation of a regression to the noun. However, integration difficulties influenced eye movements earlier and later than predicted by the new model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1571-1584
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reading
Eye Movements
Programming
Nouns
Reader
Determiners
Verbs

Keywords

  • eye movements
  • first-pass reading time
  • reading
  • second-pass reading time
  • word integration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Word Integration and Regression Programming During Reading : A Test of the E-Z Reader 10 Model. / Inhoff, Albrecht W.; Greenberg, Seth N.; Solomon, Matthew; Wang, Chin An.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 35, No. 5, 01.10.2009, p. 1571-1584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bb7f1af6d10948af928be186dc9f875b,
title = "Word Integration and Regression Programming During Reading: A Test of the E-Z Reader 10 Model",
abstract = "Participants read sentences with two types of target nouns, one that did and one that did not require a determiner to form a legal verb-noun phrase sequence. Sentences were presented with and without the critical determiner to create a local noun integration difficulty when a required determiner was missing. The absence of a required determiner did not influence 1st-pass reading of the verb, the noun, and the posttarget word. It did, however, have a profound effect on 2nd-pass reading. All three words were a likely target of a regression when a required determiner was missing, and the noun and the posttarget word were likely sources of a regression. These results are consistent with novel E-Z reader model assumptions, according to which identification of the noun should be followed by its integration, and integration difficulties can lead to the initiation of a regression to the noun. However, integration difficulties influenced eye movements earlier and later than predicted by the new model.",
keywords = "eye movements, first-pass reading time, reading, second-pass reading time, word integration",
author = "Inhoff, {Albrecht W.} and Greenberg, {Seth N.} and Matthew Solomon and Wang, {Chin An}",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0014250",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "1571--1584",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance",
issn = "0096-1523",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Word Integration and Regression Programming During Reading

T2 - A Test of the E-Z Reader 10 Model

AU - Inhoff, Albrecht W.

AU - Greenberg, Seth N.

AU - Solomon, Matthew

AU - Wang, Chin An

PY - 2009/10/1

Y1 - 2009/10/1

N2 - Participants read sentences with two types of target nouns, one that did and one that did not require a determiner to form a legal verb-noun phrase sequence. Sentences were presented with and without the critical determiner to create a local noun integration difficulty when a required determiner was missing. The absence of a required determiner did not influence 1st-pass reading of the verb, the noun, and the posttarget word. It did, however, have a profound effect on 2nd-pass reading. All three words were a likely target of a regression when a required determiner was missing, and the noun and the posttarget word were likely sources of a regression. These results are consistent with novel E-Z reader model assumptions, according to which identification of the noun should be followed by its integration, and integration difficulties can lead to the initiation of a regression to the noun. However, integration difficulties influenced eye movements earlier and later than predicted by the new model.

AB - Participants read sentences with two types of target nouns, one that did and one that did not require a determiner to form a legal verb-noun phrase sequence. Sentences were presented with and without the critical determiner to create a local noun integration difficulty when a required determiner was missing. The absence of a required determiner did not influence 1st-pass reading of the verb, the noun, and the posttarget word. It did, however, have a profound effect on 2nd-pass reading. All three words were a likely target of a regression when a required determiner was missing, and the noun and the posttarget word were likely sources of a regression. These results are consistent with novel E-Z reader model assumptions, according to which identification of the noun should be followed by its integration, and integration difficulties can lead to the initiation of a regression to the noun. However, integration difficulties influenced eye movements earlier and later than predicted by the new model.

KW - eye movements

KW - first-pass reading time

KW - reading

KW - second-pass reading time

KW - word integration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350508870&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350508870&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0014250

DO - 10.1037/a0014250

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 1571

EP - 1584

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

SN - 0096-1523

IS - 5

ER -