WMJ-8-B, a novel hydroxamate derivative, induces MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death via the SHP-1-STAT3-survivin cascade

Yu Fan Chuang, Shiu Wen Huang, Ya Fen Hsu, Meng Chieh Yu, George Ou, Wei Jan Huang, Ming Jen Hsu

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been demonstrate to have broad-spectrum anti-tumour properties and have attracted lots of attention in the field of drug discovery. However, the underlying anti-tumour mechanisms of HDAC inhibitors remain incompletely understood. In this study, we aimed to characterize the underlying mechanisms through which the novel hydroxamate-based HDAC inhibitor, WMJ-8-B, induces the death of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Experimental Approach: Effects of WMJ-8-B on cell viability, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and signalling molecules were analysed by the MTT assay, flowcytometric analysis, immunoblotting, reporter assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis and use of siRNAs. A xenograft model was used to determine anti-tumour effects of WMJ-8-B in vivo. Key Results: WMJ-8-B induced survivin reduction, G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. STAT3 phosphorylation, transactivity and its binding to the survivin promoter region were reduced in WMJ-8-B-treated cells. WMJ-8-B activated the protein phosphatase SHP-1 and when SHP-1 signalling was blocked, the effects of WMJ-8-B on STAT3 phosphorylation and survivin levels were abolished. However, WMJ-8-B increased the transcription factor Sp1 binding to the p21 promoter region and enhanced p21 levels. Moreover, WMJ-8-B induced α-tubulin acetylation and disrupted microtubule assembly. Inhibition of HDACs was shown to contribute to WMJ-8-B's actions. Furthermore, WMJ-8-B suppressed the growth of MDA-MB-231 xenografts in mammary fat pads in vivo. Conclusions and Implications: The SHP-1-STAT3-survivin and Sp1-p21 cascades are involved in WMJ-8-B-induced MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death. These results also indicate the potential of WMJ-8-B as a lead compound for treatment of breast cancer and warrant its clinical development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

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Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Cell Death
Breast Neoplasms
Heterografts
Genetic Promoter Regions
Phosphorylation
G2 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Sp1 Transcription Factor
Apoptosis
Protein Phosphatase 1
Neoplasms
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
Drug Discovery
Tubulin
Acetylation
Immunoblotting
Microtubules
Adipose Tissue
Cell Survival
Cell Cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

@article{5779066ebf24490ba5938ddf3ae97e1d,
title = "WMJ-8-B, a novel hydroxamate derivative, induces MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death via the SHP-1-STAT3-survivin cascade",
abstract = "Background and Purpose: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been demonstrate to have broad-spectrum anti-tumour properties and have attracted lots of attention in the field of drug discovery. However, the underlying anti-tumour mechanisms of HDAC inhibitors remain incompletely understood. In this study, we aimed to characterize the underlying mechanisms through which the novel hydroxamate-based HDAC inhibitor, WMJ-8-B, induces the death of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Experimental Approach: Effects of WMJ-8-B on cell viability, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and signalling molecules were analysed by the MTT assay, flowcytometric analysis, immunoblotting, reporter assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis and use of siRNAs. A xenograft model was used to determine anti-tumour effects of WMJ-8-B in vivo. Key Results: WMJ-8-B induced survivin reduction, G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. STAT3 phosphorylation, transactivity and its binding to the survivin promoter region were reduced in WMJ-8-B-treated cells. WMJ-8-B activated the protein phosphatase SHP-1 and when SHP-1 signalling was blocked, the effects of WMJ-8-B on STAT3 phosphorylation and survivin levels were abolished. However, WMJ-8-B increased the transcription factor Sp1 binding to the p21 promoter region and enhanced p21 levels. Moreover, WMJ-8-B induced α-tubulin acetylation and disrupted microtubule assembly. Inhibition of HDACs was shown to contribute to WMJ-8-B's actions. Furthermore, WMJ-8-B suppressed the growth of MDA-MB-231 xenografts in mammary fat pads in vivo. Conclusions and Implications: The SHP-1-STAT3-survivin and Sp1-p21 cascades are involved in WMJ-8-B-induced MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death. These results also indicate the potential of WMJ-8-B as a lead compound for treatment of breast cancer and warrant its clinical development.",
author = "Chuang, {Yu Fan} and Huang, {Shiu Wen} and Hsu, {Ya Fen} and Yu, {Meng Chieh} and George Ou and Huang, {Wei Jan} and Hsu, {Ming Jen}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/bph.13929",
language = "English",
journal = "British Journal of Pharmacology",
issn = "0007-1188",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - WMJ-8-B, a novel hydroxamate derivative, induces MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death via the SHP-1-STAT3-survivin cascade

AU - Chuang, Yu Fan

AU - Huang, Shiu Wen

AU - Hsu, Ya Fen

AU - Yu, Meng Chieh

AU - Ou, George

AU - Huang, Wei Jan

AU - Hsu, Ming Jen

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background and Purpose: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been demonstrate to have broad-spectrum anti-tumour properties and have attracted lots of attention in the field of drug discovery. However, the underlying anti-tumour mechanisms of HDAC inhibitors remain incompletely understood. In this study, we aimed to characterize the underlying mechanisms through which the novel hydroxamate-based HDAC inhibitor, WMJ-8-B, induces the death of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Experimental Approach: Effects of WMJ-8-B on cell viability, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and signalling molecules were analysed by the MTT assay, flowcytometric analysis, immunoblotting, reporter assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis and use of siRNAs. A xenograft model was used to determine anti-tumour effects of WMJ-8-B in vivo. Key Results: WMJ-8-B induced survivin reduction, G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. STAT3 phosphorylation, transactivity and its binding to the survivin promoter region were reduced in WMJ-8-B-treated cells. WMJ-8-B activated the protein phosphatase SHP-1 and when SHP-1 signalling was blocked, the effects of WMJ-8-B on STAT3 phosphorylation and survivin levels were abolished. However, WMJ-8-B increased the transcription factor Sp1 binding to the p21 promoter region and enhanced p21 levels. Moreover, WMJ-8-B induced α-tubulin acetylation and disrupted microtubule assembly. Inhibition of HDACs was shown to contribute to WMJ-8-B's actions. Furthermore, WMJ-8-B suppressed the growth of MDA-MB-231 xenografts in mammary fat pads in vivo. Conclusions and Implications: The SHP-1-STAT3-survivin and Sp1-p21 cascades are involved in WMJ-8-B-induced MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death. These results also indicate the potential of WMJ-8-B as a lead compound for treatment of breast cancer and warrant its clinical development.

AB - Background and Purpose: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been demonstrate to have broad-spectrum anti-tumour properties and have attracted lots of attention in the field of drug discovery. However, the underlying anti-tumour mechanisms of HDAC inhibitors remain incompletely understood. In this study, we aimed to characterize the underlying mechanisms through which the novel hydroxamate-based HDAC inhibitor, WMJ-8-B, induces the death of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Experimental Approach: Effects of WMJ-8-B on cell viability, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and signalling molecules were analysed by the MTT assay, flowcytometric analysis, immunoblotting, reporter assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis and use of siRNAs. A xenograft model was used to determine anti-tumour effects of WMJ-8-B in vivo. Key Results: WMJ-8-B induced survivin reduction, G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. STAT3 phosphorylation, transactivity and its binding to the survivin promoter region were reduced in WMJ-8-B-treated cells. WMJ-8-B activated the protein phosphatase SHP-1 and when SHP-1 signalling was blocked, the effects of WMJ-8-B on STAT3 phosphorylation and survivin levels were abolished. However, WMJ-8-B increased the transcription factor Sp1 binding to the p21 promoter region and enhanced p21 levels. Moreover, WMJ-8-B induced α-tubulin acetylation and disrupted microtubule assembly. Inhibition of HDACs was shown to contribute to WMJ-8-B's actions. Furthermore, WMJ-8-B suppressed the growth of MDA-MB-231 xenografts in mammary fat pads in vivo. Conclusions and Implications: The SHP-1-STAT3-survivin and Sp1-p21 cascades are involved in WMJ-8-B-induced MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell death. These results also indicate the potential of WMJ-8-B as a lead compound for treatment of breast cancer and warrant its clinical development.

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U2 - 10.1111/bph.13929

DO - 10.1111/bph.13929

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