我們為何要讀經典? 論中國近代思想史中的經典話語及其實踐

Translated title of the contribution: Why should we read the classic?: A Discussion on Classic Discourse and Practice in the Intellectual History of Modern China

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Why should we read the classics? What are the meanings of classics to modern people? This thinking per se embodies the traits of modernity. Therefore, thinking triggered by the inquiry into the question of “Why should we read the classics?” should produce the answer different from that of tradition. In view of this point, this essay aims to delve into the discourses and narrative context about the implementation of education of classics in the intellectual history of modern China, in hopes of initiating the smooth interactions between us and this question through such retrospection. This essay will make an observation of how classics will be expounded its legitimacy through “salvation” and “enlightenment,” the two basic historical narratives constituting the legality of knowledge in modern history, further to investigate how the ruler will apply “classics reading movement” to solidify cultural hegemony and explore the opponent power triggered by the preceding factor as this power rebut s the classics as counter-revolution and conservatism. Eventually, we will try to develop an in-depth understanding of how classics become the tool as the intention of the authority of the national government to discipline people. This essay aims to clarify modern people’s basic attitude towards Chinese classics through this investigation.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)57-78
Journal通識教育與跨域研究
Volume5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

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Intellectual History
Modern China
Classical Studies
Discourse
Enlightenment
Cultural Hegemony
Government
Counter-revolution
Interaction
Modernity
Modern History
Opponents
Intentions
Ruler
Education
Conservatism
Legitimacy
Salvation
Retrospection
Authority

Keywords

  • Classics
  • Education of Classics
  • Classics Reading Movement

Cite this

我們為何要讀經典? 論中國近代思想史中的經典話語及其實踐. / 張錫輝.

In: 通識教育與跨域研究, Vol. 5, 12.2008, p. 57-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "我們為何要讀經典?: 論中國近代思想史中的經典話語及其實踐",
abstract = "我們為何要閱讀經典?經典對於現代人有何意義?此一思考本身即帶有 現代性的特徵,因此當代在詢問「我們為何要閱讀經典?」所引發的思考,理應與傳統對此一問題的答案有所不同。因此本文的研究目的在於考察中國近代思想史上對於實施經典教育的種種話語與敘事脈絡,希望經由這樣的反思,能使此時此刻的我們與此問題間的對話更順暢地展開。本文將透過現代史上構成了知識合法性的兩大基本歷史敘事: 「救亡」與「啟蒙」 ,來觀察經典如何被論述出其正當性。並依此考察統治者如何運用「讀經運動」來鞏固文化主導權,以及因前者而引發的反對力量,這股力量將經典斥之為反動、保守。最終,我們將試圖理解經典如何成為國府當局意圖規訓人民的工具。本文希望藉由這些層次的考察,釐清一些現代人對中國經典的基本態度。",
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