What are individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) dealing with in a competitive labor market? Two case studies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding individual experiences is crucial for consumer-centered practice and policy. However, limited literature has thoroughly explored individual employment experiences outside of rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the challenges that two individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) had experienced in competitive employment settings. Through in-depth interviews followed by an inductive qualitative analysis, the barriers that restrained them from obtaining and keeping a job were identified. Even though the two cases had dissimilar backgrounds and diagnoses, they had both been struggling with multiple problems including psychiatric symptoms, medications, and social stigma. The findings indicate that a flexible work schedule and a supportive work environment are important to their work participation. However, many competitive employment settings did not allow them to have a flexible schedule for frequent medical leaves. The stigma toward mental illness was also prevalent in various workplaces they worked at. The implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-305
Number of pages5
JournalWork
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Appointments and Schedules
Social Stigma
Workplace
Psychiatry
Rehabilitation
Interviews

Keywords

  • Case study
  • Competitive employment
  • Employment policy
  • Workplace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

What are individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) dealing with in a competitive labor market? Two case studies. / Chang, Feng Hang.

In: Work, Vol. 51, No. 2, 05.06.2015, p. 301-305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1c9ebbf8ae3743f09c6b5dc21c516f5e,
title = "What are individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) dealing with in a competitive labor market? Two case studies",
abstract = "Understanding individual experiences is crucial for consumer-centered practice and policy. However, limited literature has thoroughly explored individual employment experiences outside of rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the challenges that two individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) had experienced in competitive employment settings. Through in-depth interviews followed by an inductive qualitative analysis, the barriers that restrained them from obtaining and keeping a job were identified. Even though the two cases had dissimilar backgrounds and diagnoses, they had both been struggling with multiple problems including psychiatric symptoms, medications, and social stigma. The findings indicate that a flexible work schedule and a supportive work environment are important to their work participation. However, many competitive employment settings did not allow them to have a flexible schedule for frequent medical leaves. The stigma toward mental illness was also prevalent in various workplaces they worked at. The implications for policy and practice are discussed.",
keywords = "Case study, Competitive employment, Employment policy, Workplace",
author = "Chang, {Feng Hang}",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "5",
doi = "10.3233/WOR-141849",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "301--305",
journal = "Work",
issn = "1051-9815",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - What are individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) dealing with in a competitive labor market? Two case studies

AU - Chang, Feng Hang

PY - 2015/6/5

Y1 - 2015/6/5

N2 - Understanding individual experiences is crucial for consumer-centered practice and policy. However, limited literature has thoroughly explored individual employment experiences outside of rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the challenges that two individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) had experienced in competitive employment settings. Through in-depth interviews followed by an inductive qualitative analysis, the barriers that restrained them from obtaining and keeping a job were identified. Even though the two cases had dissimilar backgrounds and diagnoses, they had both been struggling with multiple problems including psychiatric symptoms, medications, and social stigma. The findings indicate that a flexible work schedule and a supportive work environment are important to their work participation. However, many competitive employment settings did not allow them to have a flexible schedule for frequent medical leaves. The stigma toward mental illness was also prevalent in various workplaces they worked at. The implications for policy and practice are discussed.

AB - Understanding individual experiences is crucial for consumer-centered practice and policy. However, limited literature has thoroughly explored individual employment experiences outside of rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the challenges that two individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) had experienced in competitive employment settings. Through in-depth interviews followed by an inductive qualitative analysis, the barriers that restrained them from obtaining and keeping a job were identified. Even though the two cases had dissimilar backgrounds and diagnoses, they had both been struggling with multiple problems including psychiatric symptoms, medications, and social stigma. The findings indicate that a flexible work schedule and a supportive work environment are important to their work participation. However, many competitive employment settings did not allow them to have a flexible schedule for frequent medical leaves. The stigma toward mental illness was also prevalent in various workplaces they worked at. The implications for policy and practice are discussed.

KW - Case study

KW - Competitive employment

KW - Employment policy

KW - Workplace

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84931063074&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84931063074&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/WOR-141849

DO - 10.3233/WOR-141849

M3 - Article

C2 - 24763341

AN - SCOPUS:84931063074

VL - 51

SP - 301

EP - 305

JO - Work

JF - Work

SN - 1051-9815

IS - 2

ER -