Weight ratio effects on morphology and electrocapacitive performance for the MoS2/polypyrrole electrodes

Chao Chi Tu, Pei Wen Peng, Lu Yin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MoS2is one of the promising electroactive materials for charge-storage devices. The charges cannot only be stored in the intersheet of MoS2and the intrasheet of individual atomic layers, but also can be accumulated by conducting the Faradaic reactions on the Mo center. To further enhance the electrocapacitive performance of MoS2, incorporating conducting polymers is one of the feasible ways to improve the connection between MoS2nanosheets. At the same time, the growth of conducting polymers can also be controlled via incorporating MoS2nanosheets in the synthesis to enhance the conductivity and increase the specific surface area of the conducting polymers. In this work, layered structures of MoS2nanosheets are successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method, and pyrrole monomers are oxidative polymerized in the MoS2solution to prepare the nanocomposites with different ratios of MoS2and polypyrrole (Ppy). The optimized MoS2/Ppy electrode shows a specific capacitance (CF) of 182.28 F/g, which is higher than those of the MoS2(40.58 F/g) and Ppy (116.95 F/g) electrodes measured at the same scan rate of 10 mV/s. The excellent high-rate capacity and good cycling stability with 20% decay on the CFvalue comparing to the initial value after the 1000 times repeated charge/discharge process are also achieved for the optimized MoS2/Ppy electrode. The better performance for the MoS2/Ppy electrode is resulting from the larger surface area for charge accumulation and the enhanced interconnection networks for charge transportation. The results suggest that combining two materials with complementary properties as the electrocapacitive material is one of the attractive ways to realize efficient charge-storage devices with efficient electrochemical performances and good cycling lifes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-799
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume444
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2018

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polypyrroles
Polypyrroles
Conducting polymers
conducting polymers
Electrodes
electrodes
Transportation charges
cycles
Pyrroles
pyrroles
Specific surface area
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
Capacitance
monomers
Monomers
capacitance
polypyrrole
conduction
conductivity

Keywords

  • Charge/discharge
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Hydrothermal
  • Molybdenum disulfide
  • Polypyrrole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Weight ratio effects on morphology and electrocapacitive performance for the MoS2/polypyrrole electrodes. / Tu, Chao Chi; Peng, Pei Wen; Lin, Lu Yin.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 444, 30.06.2018, p. 789-799.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "MoS2is one of the promising electroactive materials for charge-storage devices. The charges cannot only be stored in the intersheet of MoS2and the intrasheet of individual atomic layers, but also can be accumulated by conducting the Faradaic reactions on the Mo center. To further enhance the electrocapacitive performance of MoS2, incorporating conducting polymers is one of the feasible ways to improve the connection between MoS2nanosheets. At the same time, the growth of conducting polymers can also be controlled via incorporating MoS2nanosheets in the synthesis to enhance the conductivity and increase the specific surface area of the conducting polymers. In this work, layered structures of MoS2nanosheets are successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method, and pyrrole monomers are oxidative polymerized in the MoS2solution to prepare the nanocomposites with different ratios of MoS2and polypyrrole (Ppy). The optimized MoS2/Ppy electrode shows a specific capacitance (CF) of 182.28 F/g, which is higher than those of the MoS2(40.58 F/g) and Ppy (116.95 F/g) electrodes measured at the same scan rate of 10 mV/s. The excellent high-rate capacity and good cycling stability with 20{\%} decay on the CFvalue comparing to the initial value after the 1000 times repeated charge/discharge process are also achieved for the optimized MoS2/Ppy electrode. The better performance for the MoS2/Ppy electrode is resulting from the larger surface area for charge accumulation and the enhanced interconnection networks for charge transportation. The results suggest that combining two materials with complementary properties as the electrocapacitive material is one of the attractive ways to realize efficient charge-storage devices with efficient electrochemical performances and good cycling lifes.",
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AB - MoS2is one of the promising electroactive materials for charge-storage devices. The charges cannot only be stored in the intersheet of MoS2and the intrasheet of individual atomic layers, but also can be accumulated by conducting the Faradaic reactions on the Mo center. To further enhance the electrocapacitive performance of MoS2, incorporating conducting polymers is one of the feasible ways to improve the connection between MoS2nanosheets. At the same time, the growth of conducting polymers can also be controlled via incorporating MoS2nanosheets in the synthesis to enhance the conductivity and increase the specific surface area of the conducting polymers. In this work, layered structures of MoS2nanosheets are successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method, and pyrrole monomers are oxidative polymerized in the MoS2solution to prepare the nanocomposites with different ratios of MoS2and polypyrrole (Ppy). The optimized MoS2/Ppy electrode shows a specific capacitance (CF) of 182.28 F/g, which is higher than those of the MoS2(40.58 F/g) and Ppy (116.95 F/g) electrodes measured at the same scan rate of 10 mV/s. The excellent high-rate capacity and good cycling stability with 20% decay on the CFvalue comparing to the initial value after the 1000 times repeated charge/discharge process are also achieved for the optimized MoS2/Ppy electrode. The better performance for the MoS2/Ppy electrode is resulting from the larger surface area for charge accumulation and the enhanced interconnection networks for charge transportation. The results suggest that combining two materials with complementary properties as the electrocapacitive material is one of the attractive ways to realize efficient charge-storage devices with efficient electrochemical performances and good cycling lifes.

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