Value of serum and follicular fluid cytokine profile in the prediction of moderate to severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Chin Der Chen, Hsin Fu Chen, Hsin Fen Lu, Shee Uan Chen, Hong Nerng Ho, Yu Shih Yang

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The aim of this study was to examine the role of serum and follicular fluid pro-inflammatory cytokines and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the prediction of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). A total of 156 consecutive women undergoing in-vitro fertilization were recruited. The study group comprised 12 women who subsequently developed moderate (n = 7) or severe (n = 5) OHSS. The two control groups were comprised of a randomized selection of 12 high-risk and 12 low-risk women in whom OHSS did not develop. Serum was collected on days of human chorionic gonadotrophin, oocyte retrieval, and embryo transfer. Serum and follicular fluid concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and VEGF were measured. Follicular fluid IL-6 concentrations at the time of oocyte retrieval and serum IL-8 concentrations at the time of embryo transfer were significantly higher in the OHSS compared to the two control groups (P = 0.026 and P = 0.017 respectively). Serum concentrations of TNF-α and VEGF showed no statistically significant difference between the OHSS group and the controls at any studied time point. This study suggests that follicular fluid IL-6 concentrations at the time of oocyte retrieval and serum IL-8 concentrations on the day of embryo transfer may serve as early predictors for this syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1042
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • Cytokine
  • Follicular fluid
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Prediction
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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