Validity and feasibility of nasopharyngeal end-tidal carbon dioxide tension monitorings

a novel approach in spontaneous breathing patients.

W. Y. Hou, W. Z. Sun, L. Susceto, H. H. Huang, Y. G. Cherng, J. J. Shi, C. S. Lin, S. Y. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional end-tidal CO2 (Pe'CO2) monitoring is difficult and impractical in nonintubated patients who are either sedated or anesthetized while spontaneous respiration is maintained. An alternative technique using nasopharyngeal end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (PNe,CO2) has been developed. The present study evaluates the feasibility and validity of PNe,CO2 as a reliable respiratory monitoring method. Sixty patients in ASA class status I or II and scheduled for elective surgery were divided into two groups. In group 1 (n = 30), conventional Pe'CO2 was used in intubated patients under general anesthesia. In group 2 (n = 30), PNe,CO2 monitoring was used in patients under regional anesthesia with spontaneous respiration maintained. A 12 FG suction catheter, connected to the sampling tube of a CO2 analyzer, was inserted via the nasal airway to within 1 cm of the nasopharyngeal orifice. Arterial blood gas (PaCO2) was sampled 25 minutes after the operation began, Pe'CO2 (group 1) and PNe,CO2 (group 2) were recorded simultaneously. In both groups, PaCO2 was highly correlated with Pe'CO2 (r = 0.6938) and PNe,CO2 (r = 0.8613). The difference between the two values, (a-e')PCO2 = 0.35 +/- 0.33kPa and (a-Ne')PCO2 = -0.1 +/- 0.51kPa, indicates that PNe,CO2 is more closely correlated to PaCO2 than conventional Pe'CO2. The reduced (a-Ne')PCO2 in group 2 may be explained by CO2 rebreathing and a reduced respiratory deadspace during anesthesia and spontaneous breathing. Interestingly, 60% of the (a-Ne')PCO2 measurements were negative values, suggesting that PNe,CO2 and a spatial V/Q mismatch is caused by sedation; higher CO2 production and CO2 rebreathing may explain the results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-557
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Volume92
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Carbon Dioxide
Respiration
Conduction Anesthesia
Suction
Feasibility Studies
Nose
General Anesthesia
Catheters
Anesthesia
Gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Validity and feasibility of nasopharyngeal end-tidal carbon dioxide tension monitorings : a novel approach in spontaneous breathing patients. / Hou, W. Y.; Sun, W. Z.; Susceto, L.; Huang, H. H.; Cherng, Y. G.; Shi, J. J.; Lin, C. S.; Lin, S. Y.

In: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi, Vol. 92, No. 6, 06.1993, p. 553-557.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Conventional end-tidal CO2 (Pe'CO2) monitoring is difficult and impractical in nonintubated patients who are either sedated or anesthetized while spontaneous respiration is maintained. An alternative technique using nasopharyngeal end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (PNe,CO2) has been developed. The present study evaluates the feasibility and validity of PNe,CO2 as a reliable respiratory monitoring method. Sixty patients in ASA class status I or II and scheduled for elective surgery were divided into two groups. In group 1 (n = 30), conventional Pe'CO2 was used in intubated patients under general anesthesia. In group 2 (n = 30), PNe,CO2 monitoring was used in patients under regional anesthesia with spontaneous respiration maintained. A 12 FG suction catheter, connected to the sampling tube of a CO2 analyzer, was inserted via the nasal airway to within 1 cm of the nasopharyngeal orifice. Arterial blood gas (PaCO2) was sampled 25 minutes after the operation began, Pe'CO2 (group 1) and PNe,CO2 (group 2) were recorded simultaneously. In both groups, PaCO2 was highly correlated with Pe'CO2 (r = 0.6938) and PNe,CO2 (r = 0.8613). The difference between the two values, (a-e')PCO2 = 0.35 +/- 0.33kPa and (a-Ne')PCO2 = -0.1 +/- 0.51kPa, indicates that PNe,CO2 is more closely correlated to PaCO2 than conventional Pe'CO2. The reduced (a-Ne')PCO2 in group 2 may be explained by CO2 rebreathing and a reduced respiratory deadspace during anesthesia and spontaneous breathing. Interestingly, 60{\%} of the (a-Ne')PCO2 measurements were negative values, suggesting that PNe,CO2 and a spatial V/Q mismatch is caused by sedation; higher CO2 production and CO2 rebreathing may explain the results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
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