The effects of vagal stimulation on pulmonary vascular permeability were studied in guinea pigs in vivo using 125-labeled albumin as a marker of plasma extravasation. Bilateral vagus nerve stimulation (NS) significantly increased the plasma leakage index in both parenchyma and tracheobronchial tissues. The NS-induced plasma leakage in the parenchyma was unaffected by the α-adrenoceptor antagonist phentolamine, the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine, the ganglionic blocker hexamethonium or pretreatment with 6-hydroxydopamine or capsaicin, but it was significantly potentiated by the β-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol. NS-induced tracheobronchial vascular leakage was markedly inhibited by pretreatment with atropine, hexamethonium, or capsaicin, although it was unaffected by pretreatment with phentolamine, propranolol, or 6-hydroxydopamine. By itself, N(G)-nitro L- arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, had no effect on pulmonary vascular leakage, but it significantly enhanced the NS-induced plasma leakage to parenchyma in a dose-related and L-arginine- reversible manner. Elevation of blood pressure to a similar extent as that induced by L-NAME by a phenylephrine infusion had no significant effect on the increased plasma leakage induced by NS. These results suggest that vagal stimulation increases plasma extravasation in lung parenchyma through the release of unidentified transmitter(s) in a process that is modulated by endogenous NO and catecholamines (via activation of β-adrenoceptors), and that different mechanisms are involved in the vagally induced plasma extravasation in the pulmonary and tracheobronchial vascular beds.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|Issue number||3 I|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine