Utility of Gram staining for diagnosis of Malassezia folliculitis

Wei Ting Tu, Szu Ying Chin, Chia Lun Chou, Che Yuan Hsu, Yu Tsung Chen, Donald Liu, Woan Ruoh Lee, Yi Hsien Shih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malassezia folliculitis (MalF) mimics acne vulgaris and bacterial folliculitis in clinical presentations. The role of Gram staining in rapid diagnosis of MalF has not been well studied. In our study, 32 patients were included to investigate the utility of Gram staining for MalF diagnosis. The final diagnoses of MalF were determined according to clinical presentation, pathological result and treatment response to antifungal agents. Our results show that the sensitivity and specificity of Gram staining are 84.6% and 100%, respectively. In conclusion, Gram staining is a rapid, non-invasive, sensitive and specific method for MalF diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-231
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dermatology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • Acne vulgaris
  • Bacterial folliculitis
  • Gram staining
  • Malassezia folliculitis
  • Pityrosporum folliculitis
  • acne vulgaris
  • bacterial folliculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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