Using Personal Qualities Assessment to Measure the Moral Orientation and Personal Qualities of Medical Students in a Non-Western Culture

Kuo Inn Tsou, Chaou Shune Lin, Shu Ling Cho, David Powis, Miles Bore, Don Munro, Daniel Man Yuen Sze, Hsi Chin Wu, Ming Shium Hsieh, Chyi Her Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

How to select candidates with appropriate personal qualities for medical school is an important issue. This study examined the psychometric properties and group differences of the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA) to test the feasibility of using it as a tool to assess the medical school applicants in a non-Western culture. Seven hundred forty-six medical students in Taiwan completed two psychometric measures: Mojac to assess moral orientation and NACE to assess four aspects of interpersonal relationships. Thirty-one students completed the tests twice to establish test-retest reliability. A subsample of 127 students also completed a measure of the "Big Five" personality traits to examine the construct validity of these scales. Both Mojac and NACE had acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Conceptually, coherent and significant relationships were observed between test components and between the NACE and Big Five. NACE but not Mojac varied significantly between different sociodemographic groups. Both tests demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties. However, the predictive validity of PQA requires future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-190
Number of pages17
JournalEvaluation and the Health Professions
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Medical Students
Psychometrics
Medical Schools
Reproducibility of Results
Students
Taiwan
Personality

Keywords

  • medical education
  • moral orientation
  • personal qualities assessment
  • psychometrics
  • school admission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Using Personal Qualities Assessment to Measure the Moral Orientation and Personal Qualities of Medical Students in a Non-Western Culture. / Tsou, Kuo Inn; Lin, Chaou Shune; Cho, Shu Ling; Powis, David; Bore, Miles; Munro, Don; Sze, Daniel Man Yuen; Wu, Hsi Chin; Hsieh, Ming Shium; Lin, Chyi Her.

In: Evaluation and the Health Professions, Vol. 36, No. 2, 2013, p. 174-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Tsou, Kuo Inn ; Lin, Chaou Shune ; Cho, Shu Ling ; Powis, David ; Bore, Miles ; Munro, Don ; Sze, Daniel Man Yuen ; Wu, Hsi Chin ; Hsieh, Ming Shium ; Lin, Chyi Her. / Using Personal Qualities Assessment to Measure the Moral Orientation and Personal Qualities of Medical Students in a Non-Western Culture. In: Evaluation and the Health Professions. 2013 ; Vol. 36, No. 2. pp. 174-190.
@article{202063feb2124d1e82ac812a13140ce0,
title = "Using Personal Qualities Assessment to Measure the Moral Orientation and Personal Qualities of Medical Students in a Non-Western Culture",
abstract = "How to select candidates with appropriate personal qualities for medical school is an important issue. This study examined the psychometric properties and group differences of the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA) to test the feasibility of using it as a tool to assess the medical school applicants in a non-Western culture. Seven hundred forty-six medical students in Taiwan completed two psychometric measures: Mojac to assess moral orientation and NACE to assess four aspects of interpersonal relationships. Thirty-one students completed the tests twice to establish test-retest reliability. A subsample of 127 students also completed a measure of the {"}Big Five{"} personality traits to examine the construct validity of these scales. Both Mojac and NACE had acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Conceptually, coherent and significant relationships were observed between test components and between the NACE and Big Five. NACE but not Mojac varied significantly between different sociodemographic groups. Both tests demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties. However, the predictive validity of PQA requires future studies.",
keywords = "medical education, moral orientation, personal qualities assessment, psychometrics, school admission",
author = "Tsou, {Kuo Inn} and Lin, {Chaou Shune} and Cho, {Shu Ling} and David Powis and Miles Bore and Don Munro and Sze, {Daniel Man Yuen} and Wu, {Hsi Chin} and Hsieh, {Ming Shium} and Lin, {Chyi Her}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1177/0163278712454138",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "174--190",
journal = "Evaluation and the Health Professions",
issn = "0163-2787",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using Personal Qualities Assessment to Measure the Moral Orientation and Personal Qualities of Medical Students in a Non-Western Culture

AU - Tsou, Kuo Inn

AU - Lin, Chaou Shune

AU - Cho, Shu Ling

AU - Powis, David

AU - Bore, Miles

AU - Munro, Don

AU - Sze, Daniel Man Yuen

AU - Wu, Hsi Chin

AU - Hsieh, Ming Shium

AU - Lin, Chyi Her

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - How to select candidates with appropriate personal qualities for medical school is an important issue. This study examined the psychometric properties and group differences of the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA) to test the feasibility of using it as a tool to assess the medical school applicants in a non-Western culture. Seven hundred forty-six medical students in Taiwan completed two psychometric measures: Mojac to assess moral orientation and NACE to assess four aspects of interpersonal relationships. Thirty-one students completed the tests twice to establish test-retest reliability. A subsample of 127 students also completed a measure of the "Big Five" personality traits to examine the construct validity of these scales. Both Mojac and NACE had acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Conceptually, coherent and significant relationships were observed between test components and between the NACE and Big Five. NACE but not Mojac varied significantly between different sociodemographic groups. Both tests demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties. However, the predictive validity of PQA requires future studies.

AB - How to select candidates with appropriate personal qualities for medical school is an important issue. This study examined the psychometric properties and group differences of the Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA) to test the feasibility of using it as a tool to assess the medical school applicants in a non-Western culture. Seven hundred forty-six medical students in Taiwan completed two psychometric measures: Mojac to assess moral orientation and NACE to assess four aspects of interpersonal relationships. Thirty-one students completed the tests twice to establish test-retest reliability. A subsample of 127 students also completed a measure of the "Big Five" personality traits to examine the construct validity of these scales. Both Mojac and NACE had acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Conceptually, coherent and significant relationships were observed between test components and between the NACE and Big Five. NACE but not Mojac varied significantly between different sociodemographic groups. Both tests demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties. However, the predictive validity of PQA requires future studies.

KW - medical education

KW - moral orientation

KW - personal qualities assessment

KW - psychometrics

KW - school admission

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876964353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876964353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0163278712454138

DO - 10.1177/0163278712454138

M3 - Review article

VL - 36

SP - 174

EP - 190

JO - Evaluation and the Health Professions

JF - Evaluation and the Health Professions

SN - 0163-2787

IS - 2

ER -