Using Feedback to Improve Learning: Differentiating between Correct and Erroneous Examples

Meng Wang, Zong Kai Yang, San Ya Liu, Hercy N.H. Cheng, Zhi Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Research indicates that the combination of correct and erroneous examples has a positive effect on knowledge acquisition and transfer if learners have adequate prior knowledge. If only erroneous examples were provided, students with low prior knowledge may need additional supports so that their procedural skills can be effectively promoted. For this reason, this study, taking subtraction as the learning domain, conducted a 2 × 2 factorial design of quasi-experiment varying in example types (correct vs. erroneous examples) and feedback settings (with vs. without feedback). Results indicated that feedback may promote transfer and retention in learning from worked-out examples. However, there was no significant difference between correct and erroneous examples in helping students learn subtraction procedures. According to the results of our questionnaire on cognitive load, it was likely caused by the complexity of the organization and presentation of erroneous examples. We suggest that clear and intelligible presentation can be supported by computer technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 International Symposium on Educational Technology, ISET 2015
EditorsOliver Au, Di Wu, Qingtang Liu, Tak Lam Wong, Fu Lee Wang
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages99-103
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781467373692
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 22 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Symposium on Educational Technology, ISET 2015 - Wuhan, China
Duration: Jul 27 2015Jul 29 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2015 International Symposium on Educational Technology, ISET 2015

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Educational Technology, ISET 2015
Country/TerritoryChina
CityWuhan
Period7/27/157/29/15

Keywords

  • erroneous examples
  • feedback
  • meta-level feedback
  • worked-out examples

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Education
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications

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