Use of an accelerometer and a microphone as gas detectors in the online quantitative detection of hydrogen released from ammonia borane by gas chromatography

Yi San He, Kuan Fu Chen, Chien Hung Lin, Min Tsung Lin, Chien Chung Chen, Cheng Huang Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of an accelerometer as a gas detector in gas chromatography (GC) is described for the first time. A milli-whistle was connected to the outlet of the GC capillary. When the eluted and GC carrier gases pass through the capillary and milli-whistle, a sound is produced. After a fast Fourier transform (FFT), the sound wave generated from the milli-whistle is picked up by a microphone and the resulting vibration of the milli-whistle body can be recorded by an accelerometer. The release of hydrogen gas, as the result of thermal energy, from ammonia borane (NH3BH3), which has been suggested as a storage medium for hydrogen, was selected as the model sample. The findings show that the frequencies generated, either by sound or by the vibration from the whistle body, were identical. The concentration levels of the released hydrogen gas can be determined online, based on the frequency changes. Ammonia borane was placed in a brass reservoir, heated continually, and the released hydrogen gas was directly injected into the GC inlet at 0.5 min intervals, using a home-built electromagnetic pulse injector. The concentration of hydrogen for each injection can be calculated immediately. When the ammonia borane was encapsulated within a polycarbonate (PC) microtube array membrane, the temperature required for the release of hydrogen can be decreased, which would make such a material more convenient for use. The findings indicate that 1.0 mg of ammonia borane can produce hydrogen in the range of 1.0-1.25 mL, in the temperature range of 85-115 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3303-3308
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 19 2013

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Boranes
Gas detectors
Microphones
Accelerometers
Ammonia
Gas chromatography
Hydrogen
Gases
polycarbonate
Acoustic waves
Electromagnetic pulse
Thermal energy
Fast Fourier transforms
Vibrations (mechanical)
Membranes
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Use of an accelerometer and a microphone as gas detectors in the online quantitative detection of hydrogen released from ammonia borane by gas chromatography. / He, Yi San; Chen, Kuan Fu; Lin, Chien Hung; Lin, Min Tsung; Chen, Chien Chung; Lin, Cheng Huang.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 85, No. 6, 19.03.2013, p. 3303-3308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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