The Pim-1 proto-oncogene, encoding a serine-threonine kinase, has been found to play an important role in regulating apoptosis, differentiation, proliferation and tumourigenesis. The present study was conducted to assess the importance of Pim-1 in oral tumourigenesis in vivo. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry were used to study the expression of Pim-1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and non-cancerous match tissue (NCMT) sampled from the periphery of the tumours. Pim-1 mRNA expression in OSCC was significantly higher than that in NCMT in 36 tissue pairs (1.33 ± 0.41 versus 0.97 ± 0.29, P = 0.03). The percentage of OSCCs exhibiting strong cytoplasmic Pim-1 immunoreactivity was significantly higher than that of NCMT (60% versus 19%, P = 0.007). Pim-1 immunoreactivity is higher in the more differentiated components of a tumour. In around 10% of OSCC cases, Pim-1 immunoreactivity was found in the nucleus as well. These results show novel findings of the up-regulation of Pim-1 expression from NCMT to OSCC. The pathogenetic role of Pim-1 expression in oral tumourigenesis deserves further investigation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2006|
- oral cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas