Unwanted pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other risk factors for intimate partner violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun Yang Chuang, Peter A.M. Ntenda, Ying Chih Chuang

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world; however, few studies have focused on this issue. In this study, we assessed the interrelationship among intimate partner violence (IPV), unintended pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other sociodemographic factors in the DRC. Our analyses were based on data from the DRC demographic and health survey, conducted from November 2013 to February 2014. We constructed generalized estimating equation models to analyze the data from a sample of 5,120 married women. Our results showed that having a husband or partner who exhibited controlling behaviors, women who justified wife-beating, having a mother who had experienced IPV, and having a husband or partner who consumed alcohol were positively associated with IPV, whereas decision-making autonomy among women was negatively associated with IPV. In the community, the proportion of women who had experienced IPV and that of those who had completed secondary or higher education were positively and negatively associated with any IPV type, respectively. In addition, emotional IPV and any IPV type were positively associated with pregnancy loss. Our results indicate the necessity of implementing programs targeting gender equality at both individual and community levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalWomen and Health
Publication statusPublished - 2018



  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • intimate partner violence
  • pregnancy loss
  • unintended pregnancy
  • unwanted pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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