Unique clinical features and long term follow up of survivors of sudden cardiac death in an Asian multicenter study

Pang Shuo Huang, Jen Fang Cheng, Wen Chin Ko, Shu Hsuan Chang, Tin Tse Lin, Jien Jiun Chen, Fu Chun Chiu, Lian Yu Lin, Ling Ping Lai, Jiunn Lee Lin, Chia Ti Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There has been no long-term clinical follow-up data of survivors or victims of sudden cardiac death (SCD). The Taiwan multi-center sudden arrhythmia death syndrome follow-up and clinical study (TFS-SADS) is a collaborative multi-center study with median follow-up time 43 months. In this cohort, the clinical characteristics of these SADS patients were compared with those with ischemic heart disease (IHD). In this SCD cohort, around half (42%) were patients with IHD, which was different from Caucasian SCD cohorts. Among those with normal heart, most had Brugada syndrome (BrS). Compared to those with SADS, patients with IHD were older, more males and more comorbidities, more arrhythmic death, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction. In the long-term follow-up, patients with SADS had a better survival than those with IHD (p < 0.001). In the Cox regression analysis to identify the independent predictors of mortality, older age, lower LVEF, prior myocardial infarction and history of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were associated with higher mortality and beta blocker use and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia (IVF/IVT) with a better survival during follow-up. History of prior MI was associated with more arrhythmic death. Several distinct features of SCD were found in the Asia–Pacific region, such as higher proportion of SADS, poorer prognosis of LQTS and better prognosis of IVF/IVT. Patients with SADS had a better survival than those with IHD. For those with SADS, patients with channelopathy had a better survival than those with cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18250
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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