Under COVID-19 Pandemic: A Quasi-Experimental Trial of Observation on Diabetes Patients' Health Behavior Affected by the Pandemic From a Coaching Intervention Program

Ching Ling Lin, Li Chi Huang, Yao Tsung Chang, Ruey Yu Chen, Shwu Huey Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of diabetes self-management and HbA1c affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the epidemic prevention work. Methods: This quasi-experimental study collected a pooled data from a randomized-control study between February and May 2020 in which 114 participants who presented type 2 diabetes were recruited. The intervention group had health coaching and usual care, whereas the control had usual care only. The main outcome variables of this observation study were the change of HbA1c, physical activity, and eating out behavior within this time interval. Results: We found that the eating out behavior of both groups had decreased, and if a health coach helped the patients set physical activity goals in the two groups, the physical activity behavior will not be impacted due to the pandemic. Conclusions: While every country is focusing on COVID-19 pandemic prevention, especially when strict home quarantine measures and social distancing are adopted, reminding and assisting chronic patients to maintain good self-management behavior may lessen the social and medical system burdens caused by the deterioration of chronic conditions due to the excessive risk prevention behavior and the epidemic prevention work. Trial Registration: www.isrctn.com, identifier number: ISRCTN14167790, date: 12 July, 2019.

Original languageEnglish
Article number580032
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • diabetes
  • health behavior
  • health coaching
  • pandemic (COVID-19)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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