Type and quantity of coastal debris pollution in Taiwan: A 12-year nationwide assessment using citizen science data

B.A. Walther, A. Kunz, C.-S. Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Man-made coastal debris pollution is a growing concern for Taiwan. In 2004, Taiwanese environmental organizations led by the “Society of Wilderness” began gathering data on 19 categories of debris items collected during cleanup events. We present our analysis of the resulting 12-year dataset collated from 541 events held between October 2004 and December 2016. In total, 904,302 items weighing 131,358.3 kg were collected, and 63.6% and 27.2% of items were made of either plastic or plastic mixed with other materials, respectively. The five most commonly recorded debris categories were plastic shopping bags, plastic bottle caps, disposable tablewares, fishing equipment, and plastic drinking straws. We estimated that during the 12-year period on average between 3.7 and 7.9 million items weighing 560–1110 metric tons polluted Taiwan's coastline. We offer recommendations for improving the quality of data collected during Taiwan's cleanup events and report some policy changes due partly to previous reports of this dataset. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)862-872
Number of pages11
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Debris
Taiwan
Pollution
plastics
plastic
pollution
Plastics
Weighing
cleanup
aquacultural and fisheries equipment
Plastic bottles
Container closures
wilderness
plastic bags
Straw
drinking
bottles
straw
fishing
coasts

Keywords

  • Beach cleaning
  • Citizen science
  • Coastal conservation
  • Marine anthropogenic litter
  • Marine macro-debris
  • Plastic pollution
  • Bottles
  • Marine pollution
  • Plastic bottles
  • Weighing
  • Environmental organizations
  • Plastic pollutions
  • Policy changes
  • Quality of data
  • Debris
  • plastic
  • anthropogenic source
  • assessment method
  • beach
  • coastal zone
  • marine pollution
  • nature conservation
  • pollution control
  • Article
  • coastal debris pollution
  • coastal waters
  • environmental impact assessment
  • environmental management
  • island (geological)
  • policy
  • pollution
  • pollution monitoring
  • Taiwan

Cite this

Type and quantity of coastal debris pollution in Taiwan: A 12-year nationwide assessment using citizen science data. / Walther, B.A.; Kunz, A.; Hu, C.-S.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 135, 2018, p. 862-872.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Man-made coastal debris pollution is a growing concern for Taiwan. In 2004, Taiwanese environmental organizations led by the “Society of Wilderness” began gathering data on 19 categories of debris items collected during cleanup events. We present our analysis of the resulting 12-year dataset collated from 541 events held between October 2004 and December 2016. In total, 904,302 items weighing 131,358.3 kg were collected, and 63.6{\%} and 27.2{\%} of items were made of either plastic or plastic mixed with other materials, respectively. The five most commonly recorded debris categories were plastic shopping bags, plastic bottle caps, disposable tablewares, fishing equipment, and plastic drinking straws. We estimated that during the 12-year period on average between 3.7 and 7.9 million items weighing 560–1110 metric tons polluted Taiwan's coastline. We offer recommendations for improving the quality of data collected during Taiwan's cleanup events and report some policy changes due partly to previous reports of this dataset. {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier Ltd",
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author = "B.A. Walther and A. Kunz and C.-S. Hu",
note = "Export Date: 12 October 2018 CODEN: MPNBA 通訊地址: Walther, B.A.; Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Gushan District, Taiwan; 電子郵件: bawalther2009@gmail.com 參考文獻: Anonymous, Nationwide Survey of the Drifted Litter Japan (2007), Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (in Japanese); Barboza, L.G.A., Gimenez, B.C.G., Microplastics in the marine environment: current trends and future perspectives (2015) Mar. Pollut. Bull., 97, pp. 5-12; Barnes, D.K.A., Galgani, F., Thompson, R.C., Barlaz, M., Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments (2009) Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 364, pp. 1985-1998; Bartram, J., Rees, G., Monitoring Bathing Waters: A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Assessments and Monitoring Programmes (2000), Taylor & Francis New York, New York, USA; Bergmann, M., Gutow, L., Klages, M., Marine anthropogenic litter (2015), http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3, Springer Open; Bravo, M., Gallardo, M.D.L.{\'A}., Luna-Jorquera, G., N{\'u}{\~n}ez, P., V{\'a}squez, N., Thiel, M., Anthropogenic debris on beaches in the SE Pacific (Chile): results from a national survey supported by volunteers (2009) Mar. Pollut. Bull., 58, pp. 1718-1726; Breiman, L., Statistical modeling: the two cultures (2001) Stat. Sci., 16, pp. 199-231; Cheung, K., In pictures: environmentalist seeks medical attention after collecting dozens of syringes washed up on Lamma beach (2018), https://www.hongkongfp.com/2018/04/17/pictures-environmentalist-seeks-medical-attention-collecting-dozens-syringes-washed-lamma-beach/, Hong Kong Free Press (17 April); Cigliano, J.A., Meyer, R., Ballard, H.L., Freitag, A., Phillips, T.B., Wasser, A., Making marine and coastal citizen science matter (2015) Ocean Coast. Manag., 115, pp. 77-87; Coe, J.M., Rogers, D.B., Marine Debris: Sources, Impacts, and Solutions (1997), Springer-Verlag New York, New York, USA; Construction and Planning Agency, The length of the natural and artificial coastline of Taiwan (R.O.C.) (2017), http://www.cpami.gov.tw/chinese/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=14251&Itemid=53, Ministry of the Interior Taipei, Taiwan; Dehaut, A., Cassone, A.-L., Fr{\`e}re, L., Hermabessiere, L., Himber, C., Rinnert, E., Rivi{\`e}re, G., Paul-Pont, I., Microplastics in seafood: benchmark protocol for their extraction and characterization (2016) Environ. Pollut., 215, pp. 223-233; Derraik, J.G.B., The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review (2002) Mar. Pollut. Bull., 44, pp. 842-852; Dickinson, J.L., Zuckerberg, B., Bonter, D.N., Citizen science as an ecological research tool: challenges and benefits (2010) Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 41, pp. 149-172; Doong, D.-J., Chuang, H.-C., Shieh, C.-L., Hu, J.-H., Quantity, distribution, and impacts of coastal driftwood triggered by a typhoon (2011) Mar. Pollut. Bull., 62, pp. 1446-1454; Eastman, L., Hidalgo-Ruz, V., Macaya-Caquilp{\'a}n, V., Nu{\~n}ez, P., Thiel, M., The potential for young citizen scientist projects: a case study of Chilean schoolchildren collecting data on marine litter (2014) J. Integr. Coast. 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Klages Springer Open; Himans, I.P., Assessment of Marine Debris and Water Quality Along the Accra-Tema Coastline of Ghana (2013), http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/bitstream/handle/123456789/5326/Irene{\%}20Pokua{\%}20Himans_Assessment{\%}20of{\%}20Marine{\%}20Debris{\%}20and{\%}20Water{\%}20Quality{\%}20Along{\%}20the{\%}20Accra-Tema{\%}20Coastline{\%}20of{\%}20Ghana_2013.pdf?sequence=1, (MPhil thesis) University of Ghana Accra, Ghana; Hochachka, W.M., Fink, D., Hutchinson, R.A., Sheldon, D., Wong, W.-K., Kelling, S., Data-intensive science applied to broad-scale citizen science (2012) Trends Ecol. Evol., 27, pp. 130-137; Hong, S.-Y., Lin, H.-S., Walther, B.A., Shie, J.-E., Sun, Y.-H., Recent avian poisonings suggest a secondary poisoning crisis of black kites during the 1980s in Taiwan (2018) J. 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year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.025",
language = "English",
volume = "135",
pages = "862--872",
journal = "Marine Pollution Bulletin",
issn = "0025-326X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Type and quantity of coastal debris pollution in Taiwan: A 12-year nationwide assessment using citizen science data

AU - Walther, B.A.

AU - Kunz, A.

AU - Hu, C.-S.

N1 - Export Date: 12 October 2018 CODEN: MPNBA 通訊地址: Walther, B.A.; Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Gushan District, Taiwan; 電子郵件: bawalther2009@gmail.com 參考文獻: Anonymous, Nationwide Survey of the Drifted Litter Japan (2007), Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (in Japanese); Barboza, L.G.A., Gimenez, B.C.G., Microplastics in the marine environment: current trends and future perspectives (2015) Mar. Pollut. Bull., 97, pp. 5-12; Barnes, D.K.A., Galgani, F., Thompson, R.C., Barlaz, M., Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments (2009) Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 364, pp. 1985-1998; Bartram, J., Rees, G., Monitoring Bathing Waters: A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Assessments and Monitoring Programmes (2000), Taylor & Francis New York, New York, USA; Bergmann, M., Gutow, L., Klages, M., Marine anthropogenic litter (2015), http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3, Springer Open; Bravo, M., Gallardo, M.D.L.Á., Luna-Jorquera, G., Núñez, P., Vásquez, N., Thiel, M., Anthropogenic debris on beaches in the SE Pacific (Chile): results from a national survey supported by volunteers (2009) Mar. Pollut. Bull., 58, pp. 1718-1726; Breiman, L., Statistical modeling: the two cultures (2001) Stat. Sci., 16, pp. 199-231; Cheung, K., In pictures: environmentalist seeks medical attention after collecting dozens of syringes washed up on Lamma beach (2018), https://www.hongkongfp.com/2018/04/17/pictures-environmentalist-seeks-medical-attention-collecting-dozens-syringes-washed-lamma-beach/, Hong Kong Free Press (17 April); Cigliano, J.A., Meyer, R., Ballard, H.L., Freitag, A., Phillips, T.B., Wasser, A., Making marine and coastal citizen science matter (2015) Ocean Coast. Manag., 115, pp. 77-87; Coe, J.M., Rogers, D.B., Marine Debris: Sources, Impacts, and Solutions (1997), Springer-Verlag New York, New York, USA; Construction and Planning Agency, The length of the natural and artificial coastline of Taiwan (R.O.C.) 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Bull., 62, pp. 1446-1454; Eastman, L., Hidalgo-Ruz, V., Macaya-Caquilpán, V., Nuñez, P., Thiel, M., The potential for young citizen scientist projects: a case study of Chilean schoolchildren collecting data on marine litter (2014) J. Integr. Coast. Zone Manag., 14, pp. 569-579; EPA, Marine debris action plan for Taiwan (2018), https://enews.epa.gov.tw/enews/fact_Newsdetail.asp?InputTime=1070213135101, Environmental Protection Administration Taipei, Taiwan (in Chinese); Eriksen, M., Lebreton, L.C.M., Carson, H.S., Thiel, M., Moore, C.J., Borerro, J.C., Galgani, F., Reisser, J., Plastic pollution in the world's oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea (2014) PLoS ONE, 9; Fisheries Agency, Taiwan fisheries yearbook (2007), https://www.fa.gov.tw/en/PublicationsYearbook/, Fisheries Agency, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan Taipei, Taiwan; Geyer, R., Jambeck, J.R., Law, K.L., Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made (2017) Sci. 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PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Man-made coastal debris pollution is a growing concern for Taiwan. In 2004, Taiwanese environmental organizations led by the “Society of Wilderness” began gathering data on 19 categories of debris items collected during cleanup events. We present our analysis of the resulting 12-year dataset collated from 541 events held between October 2004 and December 2016. In total, 904,302 items weighing 131,358.3 kg were collected, and 63.6% and 27.2% of items were made of either plastic or plastic mixed with other materials, respectively. The five most commonly recorded debris categories were plastic shopping bags, plastic bottle caps, disposable tablewares, fishing equipment, and plastic drinking straws. We estimated that during the 12-year period on average between 3.7 and 7.9 million items weighing 560–1110 metric tons polluted Taiwan's coastline. We offer recommendations for improving the quality of data collected during Taiwan's cleanup events and report some policy changes due partly to previous reports of this dataset. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

AB - Man-made coastal debris pollution is a growing concern for Taiwan. In 2004, Taiwanese environmental organizations led by the “Society of Wilderness” began gathering data on 19 categories of debris items collected during cleanup events. We present our analysis of the resulting 12-year dataset collated from 541 events held between October 2004 and December 2016. In total, 904,302 items weighing 131,358.3 kg were collected, and 63.6% and 27.2% of items were made of either plastic or plastic mixed with other materials, respectively. The five most commonly recorded debris categories were plastic shopping bags, plastic bottle caps, disposable tablewares, fishing equipment, and plastic drinking straws. We estimated that during the 12-year period on average between 3.7 and 7.9 million items weighing 560–1110 metric tons polluted Taiwan's coastline. We offer recommendations for improving the quality of data collected during Taiwan's cleanup events and report some policy changes due partly to previous reports of this dataset. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

KW - Beach cleaning

KW - Citizen science

KW - Coastal conservation

KW - Marine anthropogenic litter

KW - Marine macro-debris

KW - Plastic pollution

KW - Bottles

KW - Marine pollution

KW - Plastic bottles

KW - Weighing

KW - Environmental organizations

KW - Plastic pollutions

KW - Policy changes

KW - Quality of data

KW - Debris

KW - plastic

KW - anthropogenic source

KW - assessment method

KW - beach

KW - coastal zone

KW - marine pollution

KW - nature conservation

KW - pollution control

KW - Article

KW - coastal debris pollution

KW - coastal waters

KW - environmental impact assessment

KW - environmental management

KW - island (geological)

KW - policy

KW - pollution

KW - pollution monitoring

KW - Taiwan

KW - Beach cleaning

KW - Citizen science

KW - Coastal conservation

KW - Marine anthropogenic litter

KW - Marine macro-debris

KW - Plastic pollution

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.025

DO - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.025

M3 - Article

VL - 135

SP - 862

EP - 872

JO - Marine Pollution Bulletin

JF - Marine Pollution Bulletin

SN - 0025-326X

ER -