Triflavin, an αiIβ3 disintegrin, inhibits cell adhesion and protein kinase C-α translocation in vascular smooth muscle cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) adhesion and migration play important roles in atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. In our previous study, we found that triflavin, a nonspecific Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing peptide (also named αIIβ3 disintegrin), may have dual beneficial effects in preventing neointimal formation by acting on both platelets and VSMCs, which has created new incentives for the development of drugs with this combined action. In the present study, triflavin (10, 20, and 50μg/mL) concentration- dependently inhibited VSMC adhesion to immobilized fibronectin (50μg/mL). In the flow cytometric study, we found that FITCtriflavin (5μg/mL) bound directly to VSMC membranes. In a confocal microscopic study, fibronectin (50μg/mL) markedly stimulated protein kinase C (PKC)-α translocation from the cytosol to the membranes, which was abolished in the presence of triflavin (10μg/mL). In conclusion, the most important findings of this study suggest that triflavin, an αIIβ3 disintegrin, inhibited immobilized fibronectin-induced cell adhesion and PKC-α translocation in VSMCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)948-954
Number of pages7
JournalPharmaceutical Biology
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

Disintegrins
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Cell Adhesion
Protein Kinase C
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Fibronectins
Tunica Intima
Cytosol
Cell Movement
Hyperplasia
Motivation
Atherosclerosis
Blood Platelets
Cell Membrane
Membranes
triflavin
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Fibronectin
  • PKC-α
  • Triflavin
  • Vascular smooth muscle cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Triflavin, an αiIβ3 disintegrin, inhibits cell adhesion and protein kinase C-α translocation in vascular smooth muscle cells",
abstract = "Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) adhesion and migration play important roles in atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. In our previous study, we found that triflavin, a nonspecific Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing peptide (also named αIIβ3 disintegrin), may have dual beneficial effects in preventing neointimal formation by acting on both platelets and VSMCs, which has created new incentives for the development of drugs with this combined action. In the present study, triflavin (10, 20, and 50μg/mL) concentration- dependently inhibited VSMC adhesion to immobilized fibronectin (50μg/mL). In the flow cytometric study, we found that FITCtriflavin (5μg/mL) bound directly to VSMC membranes. In a confocal microscopic study, fibronectin (50μg/mL) markedly stimulated protein kinase C (PKC)-α translocation from the cytosol to the membranes, which was abolished in the presence of triflavin (10μg/mL). In conclusion, the most important findings of this study suggest that triflavin, an αIIβ3 disintegrin, inhibited immobilized fibronectin-induced cell adhesion and PKC-α translocation in VSMCs.",
keywords = "Fibronectin, PKC-α, Triflavin, Vascular smooth muscle cell",
author = "Wu, {Chih J.} and Hsieh, {Cheng Ying} and George Hsiao and Chou, {Duen Suey} and Sheu, {Joen Rong}",
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T1 - Triflavin, an αiIβ3 disintegrin, inhibits cell adhesion and protein kinase C-α translocation in vascular smooth muscle cells

AU - Wu, Chih J.

AU - Hsieh, Cheng Ying

AU - Hsiao, George

AU - Chou, Duen Suey

AU - Sheu, Joen Rong

PY - 2009/10

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N2 - Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) adhesion and migration play important roles in atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. In our previous study, we found that triflavin, a nonspecific Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing peptide (also named αIIβ3 disintegrin), may have dual beneficial effects in preventing neointimal formation by acting on both platelets and VSMCs, which has created new incentives for the development of drugs with this combined action. In the present study, triflavin (10, 20, and 50μg/mL) concentration- dependently inhibited VSMC adhesion to immobilized fibronectin (50μg/mL). In the flow cytometric study, we found that FITCtriflavin (5μg/mL) bound directly to VSMC membranes. In a confocal microscopic study, fibronectin (50μg/mL) markedly stimulated protein kinase C (PKC)-α translocation from the cytosol to the membranes, which was abolished in the presence of triflavin (10μg/mL). In conclusion, the most important findings of this study suggest that triflavin, an αIIβ3 disintegrin, inhibited immobilized fibronectin-induced cell adhesion and PKC-α translocation in VSMCs.

AB - Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) adhesion and migration play important roles in atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. In our previous study, we found that triflavin, a nonspecific Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing peptide (also named αIIβ3 disintegrin), may have dual beneficial effects in preventing neointimal formation by acting on both platelets and VSMCs, which has created new incentives for the development of drugs with this combined action. In the present study, triflavin (10, 20, and 50μg/mL) concentration- dependently inhibited VSMC adhesion to immobilized fibronectin (50μg/mL). In the flow cytometric study, we found that FITCtriflavin (5μg/mL) bound directly to VSMC membranes. In a confocal microscopic study, fibronectin (50μg/mL) markedly stimulated protein kinase C (PKC)-α translocation from the cytosol to the membranes, which was abolished in the presence of triflavin (10μg/mL). In conclusion, the most important findings of this study suggest that triflavin, an αIIβ3 disintegrin, inhibited immobilized fibronectin-induced cell adhesion and PKC-α translocation in VSMCs.

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