Treatment outcomes of patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex isolates: Is there any benefit of adding tigecycline to aerosolized colistimethate sodium?

Shio Shin Jean, Tai Chin Hsieh, Wen Sen Lee, Po Ren Hsueh, Chin Wan Hsu, Carlos Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Few therapeutic options exist for various infections caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (XDR-Acb) complex isolates, including pneumonia. This study investigated the clinical efficacy between aerosolized colistimethate sodium (AS-CMS, 2 million units thrice a day) treatment alone or in combination with standard-dose tigecycline (TGC) in patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia due to XDR-Acb, and explored the factors influencing patients' 30-day mortality.A 1:1 case (n = 106; receiving TGC plus AS-CMS) control (receiving AS-CMS alone with matching scores) observational study was conducted among adult patients with non-bacteremic XDR-Acb complex pneumonia in a Taiwanese medical center from January 2014 through December 2016. The clinically relevant data were retrospectively recorded. The primary endpoint was 30-day case fatality. Secondary endpoints investigated that if the co-morbidities, XDR-A. baumannii as a pneumonic pathogen, therapy-related factors, or airway colonization with colistin-resistant Acb negatively influenced the 14-day clinical condition of enrolled patients.A higher 30-day mortality rate was noted among the group receiving combination therapy (34.0% vs 22.6%; P = .17). The ≥7-day AS-CMS therapy successfully eradicated > 90% of airway XDR-Acb isolates. Nevertheless, follow-up sputum specimens from 10 (6.4% [10/156]) patients were colonized with colistin-resistant Acb isolates. After the conditional factors were adjusted by multivariate logistic analysis, the only factor independently predicting the 30-day case-fatality was the failure of treating XDR-Acb pneumonia at 14 days (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 38.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 9.96-142.29; P < .001). Cox proportional regression analysis found that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 2.08; 95% CI = 1.05-4.10; P = .035), chronic renal failure (aHR = 3.00; 95% CI = 1.52-5.90; P = .002), non-invasive ventilation use (aHR = 2.68; 95% CI = 1.37-5.25; P = .004), and lack of TGC therapy (aHR = 0.52; 95% CI = 0.27-1.00; P = .049) adversely influenced the 14-day clinical outcomes. Conversely, the emergence of colistin-resistant Acb isolates in the follow-up sputum samples was not statistically significantly associated with curing or improving XDR-Acb pneumonia.In conclusion, aggressive pulmonary hygiene care, the addition of TGC, and corticosteroid dose tapering were beneficial in improving the 14-day patients' outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e12278
JournalMedicine
Volume97
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

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Acinetobacter calcoaceticus
Acinetobacter baumannii
Pneumonia
Colistin
Confidence Intervals
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Sputum
Therapeutics
Noninvasive Ventilation
Lung
Mortality
Hygiene
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic Kidney Failure
Observational Studies
colistinmethanesulfonic acid
tigecycline
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{b7da437e62414a07bb80d092a5f995e8,
title = "Treatment outcomes of patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex isolates: Is there any benefit of adding tigecycline to aerosolized colistimethate sodium?",
abstract = "Few therapeutic options exist for various infections caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (XDR-Acb) complex isolates, including pneumonia. This study investigated the clinical efficacy between aerosolized colistimethate sodium (AS-CMS, 2 million units thrice a day) treatment alone or in combination with standard-dose tigecycline (TGC) in patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia due to XDR-Acb, and explored the factors influencing patients' 30-day mortality.A 1:1 case (n = 106; receiving TGC plus AS-CMS) control (receiving AS-CMS alone with matching scores) observational study was conducted among adult patients with non-bacteremic XDR-Acb complex pneumonia in a Taiwanese medical center from January 2014 through December 2016. The clinically relevant data were retrospectively recorded. The primary endpoint was 30-day case fatality. Secondary endpoints investigated that if the co-morbidities, XDR-A. baumannii as a pneumonic pathogen, therapy-related factors, or airway colonization with colistin-resistant Acb negatively influenced the 14-day clinical condition of enrolled patients.A higher 30-day mortality rate was noted among the group receiving combination therapy (34.0{\%} vs 22.6{\%}; P = .17). The ≥7-day AS-CMS therapy successfully eradicated > 90{\%} of airway XDR-Acb isolates. Nevertheless, follow-up sputum specimens from 10 (6.4{\%} [10/156]) patients were colonized with colistin-resistant Acb isolates. After the conditional factors were adjusted by multivariate logistic analysis, the only factor independently predicting the 30-day case-fatality was the failure of treating XDR-Acb pneumonia at 14 days (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 38.2; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 9.96-142.29; P < .001). Cox proportional regression analysis found that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 2.08; 95{\%} CI = 1.05-4.10; P = .035), chronic renal failure (aHR = 3.00; 95{\%} CI = 1.52-5.90; P = .002), non-invasive ventilation use (aHR = 2.68; 95{\%} CI = 1.37-5.25; P = .004), and lack of TGC therapy (aHR = 0.52; 95{\%} CI = 0.27-1.00; P = .049) adversely influenced the 14-day clinical outcomes. Conversely, the emergence of colistin-resistant Acb isolates in the follow-up sputum samples was not statistically significantly associated with curing or improving XDR-Acb pneumonia.In conclusion, aggressive pulmonary hygiene care, the addition of TGC, and corticosteroid dose tapering were beneficial in improving the 14-day patients' outcomes.",
author = "Jean, {Shio Shin} and Hsieh, {Tai Chin} and Lee, {Wen Sen} and Hsueh, {Po Ren} and Hsu, {Chin Wan} and Carlos Lam",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MD.0000000000012278",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "e12278",
journal = "Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries",
issn = "0025-7974",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "39",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Treatment outcomes of patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex isolates

T2 - Is there any benefit of adding tigecycline to aerosolized colistimethate sodium?

AU - Jean, Shio Shin

AU - Hsieh, Tai Chin

AU - Lee, Wen Sen

AU - Hsueh, Po Ren

AU - Hsu, Chin Wan

AU - Lam, Carlos

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Few therapeutic options exist for various infections caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (XDR-Acb) complex isolates, including pneumonia. This study investigated the clinical efficacy between aerosolized colistimethate sodium (AS-CMS, 2 million units thrice a day) treatment alone or in combination with standard-dose tigecycline (TGC) in patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia due to XDR-Acb, and explored the factors influencing patients' 30-day mortality.A 1:1 case (n = 106; receiving TGC plus AS-CMS) control (receiving AS-CMS alone with matching scores) observational study was conducted among adult patients with non-bacteremic XDR-Acb complex pneumonia in a Taiwanese medical center from January 2014 through December 2016. The clinically relevant data were retrospectively recorded. The primary endpoint was 30-day case fatality. Secondary endpoints investigated that if the co-morbidities, XDR-A. baumannii as a pneumonic pathogen, therapy-related factors, or airway colonization with colistin-resistant Acb negatively influenced the 14-day clinical condition of enrolled patients.A higher 30-day mortality rate was noted among the group receiving combination therapy (34.0% vs 22.6%; P = .17). The ≥7-day AS-CMS therapy successfully eradicated > 90% of airway XDR-Acb isolates. Nevertheless, follow-up sputum specimens from 10 (6.4% [10/156]) patients were colonized with colistin-resistant Acb isolates. After the conditional factors were adjusted by multivariate logistic analysis, the only factor independently predicting the 30-day case-fatality was the failure of treating XDR-Acb pneumonia at 14 days (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 38.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 9.96-142.29; P < .001). Cox proportional regression analysis found that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 2.08; 95% CI = 1.05-4.10; P = .035), chronic renal failure (aHR = 3.00; 95% CI = 1.52-5.90; P = .002), non-invasive ventilation use (aHR = 2.68; 95% CI = 1.37-5.25; P = .004), and lack of TGC therapy (aHR = 0.52; 95% CI = 0.27-1.00; P = .049) adversely influenced the 14-day clinical outcomes. Conversely, the emergence of colistin-resistant Acb isolates in the follow-up sputum samples was not statistically significantly associated with curing or improving XDR-Acb pneumonia.In conclusion, aggressive pulmonary hygiene care, the addition of TGC, and corticosteroid dose tapering were beneficial in improving the 14-day patients' outcomes.

AB - Few therapeutic options exist for various infections caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (XDR-Acb) complex isolates, including pneumonia. This study investigated the clinical efficacy between aerosolized colistimethate sodium (AS-CMS, 2 million units thrice a day) treatment alone or in combination with standard-dose tigecycline (TGC) in patients with non-bacteremic pneumonia due to XDR-Acb, and explored the factors influencing patients' 30-day mortality.A 1:1 case (n = 106; receiving TGC plus AS-CMS) control (receiving AS-CMS alone with matching scores) observational study was conducted among adult patients with non-bacteremic XDR-Acb complex pneumonia in a Taiwanese medical center from January 2014 through December 2016. The clinically relevant data were retrospectively recorded. The primary endpoint was 30-day case fatality. Secondary endpoints investigated that if the co-morbidities, XDR-A. baumannii as a pneumonic pathogen, therapy-related factors, or airway colonization with colistin-resistant Acb negatively influenced the 14-day clinical condition of enrolled patients.A higher 30-day mortality rate was noted among the group receiving combination therapy (34.0% vs 22.6%; P = .17). The ≥7-day AS-CMS therapy successfully eradicated > 90% of airway XDR-Acb isolates. Nevertheless, follow-up sputum specimens from 10 (6.4% [10/156]) patients were colonized with colistin-resistant Acb isolates. After the conditional factors were adjusted by multivariate logistic analysis, the only factor independently predicting the 30-day case-fatality was the failure of treating XDR-Acb pneumonia at 14 days (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 38.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 9.96-142.29; P < .001). Cox proportional regression analysis found that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 2.08; 95% CI = 1.05-4.10; P = .035), chronic renal failure (aHR = 3.00; 95% CI = 1.52-5.90; P = .002), non-invasive ventilation use (aHR = 2.68; 95% CI = 1.37-5.25; P = .004), and lack of TGC therapy (aHR = 0.52; 95% CI = 0.27-1.00; P = .049) adversely influenced the 14-day clinical outcomes. Conversely, the emergence of colistin-resistant Acb isolates in the follow-up sputum samples was not statistically significantly associated with curing or improving XDR-Acb pneumonia.In conclusion, aggressive pulmonary hygiene care, the addition of TGC, and corticosteroid dose tapering were beneficial in improving the 14-day patients' outcomes.

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