Transpyloric tube feeding for 506 consecutive patients with delayed gastric emptying

Hsuan Hwai Lin, Tsai Yuan Hsieh, Heng Cheng Chu, Der Min Wu, You Chen Chao, Wei Kou Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Transpyloric tube feeding could provide early enteral nutrition; minimize cost; and reduce the risk of potential aspiration pneumonia to the patient with delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to report the results of patients who received transpyloric tube feeding and to determine what kind of underlying disorders would get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding. Methods: We re trospectively reviewed the patients who underwent transpyloric tube feeding from January 1996 through December 2001 at our hospital. Demographic characteristics, underlying disorders, base-line nutrition status, complications, hospital mortality, and durability of transpyloric tube feeding, daily caloric intake of 506 patients were obtained. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the hospital mortality rate of patients who had different underlying disorders with adjustment for potentially confounding variables. Results: The patients ' mediate age was 73 years; 70.7% were male and 53.1% ICU patients. The most underlying disorders associated with delayed gastric emptying in these patients were infectious diseases in 211 (41.7%). There was a trend towards higher survival in those groups that could convert to nasogastric (NG) tube feeding or oral diet than the others (χ2=125.9, p<0.001). In subgroup analysis, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate (35.6%, p<0.01) and higher percentage switched to oral or NG feeding than other groups (60.0%, p<0.01). When adjusted for potentially confounding variables, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate compared with infectious disorders, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy of upper gastrointestinal tract (odds ratio: 2.39, 3.55, and 7.11; p=0.03, 0.01, and <0.01). Conclusions: Patients who have neurological disorders can get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan
Volume17
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Delayed gastric emptying
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Neurological disorders
  • Transpyloric tube feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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