Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies with P102L mutation of PRNP manifesting different phenotypes: Clinical, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological studies in Chinese kindred in Taiwan

Nai Fang Chi, Yi Chung Lee, Yi Chun Lu, Hsiu Mei Wu, Bing Wen Soong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A P102L point mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP) usually causes Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), which is a rare hereditary transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). The clinical features include ataxia in 50s age group with subsequent dementia, spastic paraparesis and extrapyramidal signs. Many families have been reported from the Caucasian population, but only one from the Chinese. We hereby report a large Chinese family with P102L mutation of PRNP whose clinical manifestations at onset were intriguingly heterogeneous, either rapidly progressive dementia with scanty other neurological features or slowly progressive ataxia followed by cognitive impairment. The four-generation pedigree included eight patients with a mean age at onset of 36.9 ± 12.9 (mean ± SD) years. Mean disease duration to death in the four patients was 5.5 ± 1.7 (mean ± SD) years. Molecular analysis revealed a P102L mutation and M129 polymorphism in the PRNP gene in all affected individuals. TSE with P102L mutation of PRNP appears to have a remarkably variable phenotypic expressivity that may change with time and does not appear related to the codon 129 polymorphism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume257
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Chinese
  • P102L mutation
  • Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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