In this work, Ag and Au nanoparticles-containing substrates were first developed for obtaining a stronger surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) intensity of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) and reducing the limit of detection (LOD) of trace molecules. First, the optimum electrochemically roughening conditions employed on Ag substrates for obtaining strongest SERS of R6G were investigated. Then the optimally roughened Ag substrates were incubated in the prepared Cl- and Au-containing solutions for different couples of minutes to undergo the galvanic replacement reactions. Encouragingly, the SERS of R6G adsorbed on this roughened Ag substrate modified by the replacement of Ag with Au for 5 min exhibits a higher intensity by 8-fold of magnitude, as compared with the SERS of R6G adsorbed on an unmodified roughened Ag substrate. Moreover, the practical LOD of R6G can be reduced by one order of magnitude from 1 ppq to 0.1 ppq. Further investigations indicate that the compositions of complexes formed on the substrates demonstrate decided effects on the improved SERS.
- Galvanic replacement reactions
- Limit of detection
- Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Analytical Chemistry