Toxoplasma gondii Infection: Seroprevalence and associated risk factors among primary school children in the capital area of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

Chung Jung Fu, Ting Wu Chuang, Huei Shan Lin, Chih Hsiung Wu, Yung Ching Liu, Mailynn K. Langinlur, Min Yun Lu, Wesley Wei Wen Hsiao, Chia Kwung Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although Toxoplasma gondii infection is commonly prevalent in the tropical/subtropical regions, the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) remains unclear. A seroepidemiological survey was undertaken for investigating T. gondii infection in primary school children (PSC) using the latex agglutination (LA) test in the capital area of RMI. Information on demographic characteristics and environmental risk factors was collected via a structured questionnaire. Logistic regression model was applied for multivariate analysis. The overall infection rate of T. gondii was found to be 54.8%. Significant gender differences were found at different urbanization levels. PSC with LA titers of ≥1:1,024, indicating high responders, were found to be younger age group than others (8.7 years vs. 10.3 years, P = 0.003); moreover, infection rates among both age groups as well as high responders showed a decreasing trend with age. Multivariate analysis revealed that residing in urban rather than suburban settings was associated with increased risk of infection (P = 0.04). No associations were found between raw meat consumption, drinking unboiled water, and cleaning of cat hutch using gloves. This is the first serological survey of T. gondii infection among PSC in RMI and could help in the development of strategies in the future for disease prevention and control of T. gondii transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-410
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Primary school children
  • Republic of Marshall Islands
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

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