TNF-α Induces Cytosolic Phospholipase A2 Expression in Human Lung Epithelial Cells via JNK1/2- and p38 MAPK-Dependent AP-1 Activation

I-Ta Lee, Chih Chung Lin, Shin Ei Cheng, Li Der Hsiao, Yu Chun Hsiao, Chuen Mao Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background:Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) plays a pivotal role in mediating agonist-induced arachidonic acid (AA) release for prostaglandin (PG) synthesis during inflammation triggered by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). However, the mechanisms underlying TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression in human lung epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs) were not completely understood.Principal Findings:We demonstrated that TNF-α induced cPLA2 mRNA and protein expression, promoter activity, and PGE2 secretion in HPAEpiCs. These responses induced by TNF-α were inhibited by pretreatment with the inhibitor of MEK1/2 (PD98059), p38 MAPK (SB202190), JNK1/2 (SP600125), or AP-1 (Tanshinone IIA) and transfection with siRNA of TNFR1, p42, p38, JNK2, c-Jun, c-Fos, or ATF2. We showed that TNF-α markedly stimulated p42/p44 MAPK, p38 MAPK, and JNK1/2 phosphorylation which were attenuated by their respective inhibitors. In addition, TNF-α also stimulated c-Jun and ATF2 phosphorylation which were inhibited by pretreatment with SP600125 and SB202190, respectively, but not PD98059. Furthermore, TNF-α-induced cPLA2 promoter activity was abrogated by transfection with the point-mutated AP-1 cPLA2 construct. Finally, we showed that TNF-α time-dependently induced p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs. On the other hand, TNF-α induced in vivo binding of c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF2, and p300 to the cPLA2 promoter in these cells. In an in vivo study, we found that TNF-α induced leukocyte count in BAL fluid of mice and cPLA2 mRNA levels in lung tissues via MAPKs and AP-1.Significance:Taken together, these results demonstrated that TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression was mediated through p38 MAPK- and JNK1/2-dependent p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere72783
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 19 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Cytosolic Phospholipases A2
phospholipase A2
tumor necrosis factors
Transcription Factor AP-1
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
mitogen-activated protein kinase
epithelial cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Epithelial Cells
Chemical activation
lungs
Lung
Phosphorylation
promoter regions
transfection
Transfection
phosphorylation
pretreatment
Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
Dimercaprol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

TNF-α Induces Cytosolic Phospholipase A2 Expression in Human Lung Epithelial Cells via JNK1/2- and p38 MAPK-Dependent AP-1 Activation. / Lee, I-Ta; Lin, Chih Chung; Cheng, Shin Ei; Hsiao, Li Der; Hsiao, Yu Chun; Yang, Chuen Mao.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 9, e72783, 19.09.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, I-Ta ; Lin, Chih Chung ; Cheng, Shin Ei ; Hsiao, Li Der ; Hsiao, Yu Chun ; Yang, Chuen Mao. / TNF-α Induces Cytosolic Phospholipase A2 Expression in Human Lung Epithelial Cells via JNK1/2- and p38 MAPK-Dependent AP-1 Activation. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 9.
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abstract = "Background:Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) plays a pivotal role in mediating agonist-induced arachidonic acid (AA) release for prostaglandin (PG) synthesis during inflammation triggered by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). However, the mechanisms underlying TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression in human lung epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs) were not completely understood.Principal Findings:We demonstrated that TNF-α induced cPLA2 mRNA and protein expression, promoter activity, and PGE2 secretion in HPAEpiCs. These responses induced by TNF-α were inhibited by pretreatment with the inhibitor of MEK1/2 (PD98059), p38 MAPK (SB202190), JNK1/2 (SP600125), or AP-1 (Tanshinone IIA) and transfection with siRNA of TNFR1, p42, p38, JNK2, c-Jun, c-Fos, or ATF2. We showed that TNF-α markedly stimulated p42/p44 MAPK, p38 MAPK, and JNK1/2 phosphorylation which were attenuated by their respective inhibitors. In addition, TNF-α also stimulated c-Jun and ATF2 phosphorylation which were inhibited by pretreatment with SP600125 and SB202190, respectively, but not PD98059. Furthermore, TNF-α-induced cPLA2 promoter activity was abrogated by transfection with the point-mutated AP-1 cPLA2 construct. Finally, we showed that TNF-α time-dependently induced p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs. On the other hand, TNF-α induced in vivo binding of c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF2, and p300 to the cPLA2 promoter in these cells. In an in vivo study, we found that TNF-α induced leukocyte count in BAL fluid of mice and cPLA2 mRNA levels in lung tissues via MAPKs and AP-1.Significance:Taken together, these results demonstrated that TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression was mediated through p38 MAPK- and JNK1/2-dependent p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs.",
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AU - Lin, Chih Chung

AU - Cheng, Shin Ei

AU - Hsiao, Li Der

AU - Hsiao, Yu Chun

AU - Yang, Chuen Mao

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N2 - Background:Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) plays a pivotal role in mediating agonist-induced arachidonic acid (AA) release for prostaglandin (PG) synthesis during inflammation triggered by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). However, the mechanisms underlying TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression in human lung epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs) were not completely understood.Principal Findings:We demonstrated that TNF-α induced cPLA2 mRNA and protein expression, promoter activity, and PGE2 secretion in HPAEpiCs. These responses induced by TNF-α were inhibited by pretreatment with the inhibitor of MEK1/2 (PD98059), p38 MAPK (SB202190), JNK1/2 (SP600125), or AP-1 (Tanshinone IIA) and transfection with siRNA of TNFR1, p42, p38, JNK2, c-Jun, c-Fos, or ATF2. We showed that TNF-α markedly stimulated p42/p44 MAPK, p38 MAPK, and JNK1/2 phosphorylation which were attenuated by their respective inhibitors. In addition, TNF-α also stimulated c-Jun and ATF2 phosphorylation which were inhibited by pretreatment with SP600125 and SB202190, respectively, but not PD98059. Furthermore, TNF-α-induced cPLA2 promoter activity was abrogated by transfection with the point-mutated AP-1 cPLA2 construct. Finally, we showed that TNF-α time-dependently induced p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs. On the other hand, TNF-α induced in vivo binding of c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF2, and p300 to the cPLA2 promoter in these cells. In an in vivo study, we found that TNF-α induced leukocyte count in BAL fluid of mice and cPLA2 mRNA levels in lung tissues via MAPKs and AP-1.Significance:Taken together, these results demonstrated that TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression was mediated through p38 MAPK- and JNK1/2-dependent p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs.

AB - Background:Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) plays a pivotal role in mediating agonist-induced arachidonic acid (AA) release for prostaglandin (PG) synthesis during inflammation triggered by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). However, the mechanisms underlying TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression in human lung epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs) were not completely understood.Principal Findings:We demonstrated that TNF-α induced cPLA2 mRNA and protein expression, promoter activity, and PGE2 secretion in HPAEpiCs. These responses induced by TNF-α were inhibited by pretreatment with the inhibitor of MEK1/2 (PD98059), p38 MAPK (SB202190), JNK1/2 (SP600125), or AP-1 (Tanshinone IIA) and transfection with siRNA of TNFR1, p42, p38, JNK2, c-Jun, c-Fos, or ATF2. We showed that TNF-α markedly stimulated p42/p44 MAPK, p38 MAPK, and JNK1/2 phosphorylation which were attenuated by their respective inhibitors. In addition, TNF-α also stimulated c-Jun and ATF2 phosphorylation which were inhibited by pretreatment with SP600125 and SB202190, respectively, but not PD98059. Furthermore, TNF-α-induced cPLA2 promoter activity was abrogated by transfection with the point-mutated AP-1 cPLA2 construct. Finally, we showed that TNF-α time-dependently induced p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs. On the other hand, TNF-α induced in vivo binding of c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF2, and p300 to the cPLA2 promoter in these cells. In an in vivo study, we found that TNF-α induced leukocyte count in BAL fluid of mice and cPLA2 mRNA levels in lung tissues via MAPKs and AP-1.Significance:Taken together, these results demonstrated that TNF-α-induced cPLA2 expression was mediated through p38 MAPK- and JNK1/2-dependent p300/c-Fos/c-Jun/ATF2 complex formation in HPAEpiCs.

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