Titin as a giant scaffold for integrating stress and Src homology domain 3-mediated signaling pathways: The clustering of novel overlap ligand motifs in the elastic PEVK segment

Kan Ma, Jeffrey G. Forbes, Gustavo Gutierrez-Cruz, Kuan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The richness of proline sequences in titins qualifies these giant proteins as the largest source of intrinsically disordered structures in nature. An extensive search and analysis for Src homology domain 3 (SH3) ligand motifs revealed a myriad of broadly distributed SH3 ligand motifs, with the highest density in the PEVK segments of human titin. Besides the canonical class I and II motifs with opposite orientations, novel overlapping motifs consisting of one or more of each canonical motif are abundant. Experimentally, the binding affinity and critical residues of these putative titin-based SH3 ligands toward nebulin SH3 and other SH3-containing proteins in muscle and non-muscle cell extracts were validated with peptide array technology and by the sarcomere distribution of SH3-containing proteins. A 28-mer overlapping motif-containing PEVK module binds to nebulin SH3 in and around the canonical cleft, especially to the acidic residues in the loops, as revealed by NMR titration. Molecular dynamics and molecular docking studies indicated that the overlapping motif can bind in opposite orientations with comparable energy and contact areas and predicts correctly orientation-specific contacts in NMR data. We propose that the overlap ligand motifs are a new class of ligands with innate ability to dictate SH3 domain orientation and to facilitate the rate, strength, and stereospecificity of receptor interactions. Proline-rich sequences of titins are candidates as major hubs of SH3-dependent signaling pathways. The interplay of elasticity and dense clustering of mixed receptor orientations in titin PEVK segment have important implications for the mechanical sensing, force sensitivity, and inter-adapter interactions in signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27539-27556
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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