Thyroid hormone suppresses hepatocarcinogenesis via DAPK2 and SQSTM1-dependent selective autophagy

Hsiang Cheng Chi, Shen Liang Chen, Chung Ying Tsai, Wen Yu Chuang, Ya Hui Huang, Ming Chieh Tsai, Sheng Ming Wu, Cheng Pu Sun, Chau Ting Yeh, Kwang Huei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated a critical association between disruption of cellular thyroid hormone (TH) signaling and the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. Here, we showed that disruption of TH production results in a marked increase in progression of diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC in a murine model, and conversely, TH administration suppresses the carcinogenic process via activation of autophagy. Inhibition of autophagy via treatment with chloroquine (CQ) or knockdown of ATG7 (autophagy-related 7) via adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors, suppressed the protective effects of TH against DEN-induced hepatic damage and development of HCC. The involvement of autophagy in TH-mediated protection was further supported by data showing transcriptional activation of DAPK2 (death-associated protein kinase 2; a serine/threonine protein kinase), which enhanced the phosphorylation of SQSTM1/p62 (sequestosome 1) to promote selective autophagic clearance of protein aggregates. Ectopic expression of DAPK2 further attenuated DEN-induced hepatoxicity and DNA damage though enhanced autophagy, whereas, knockdown of DAPK2 displayed the opposite effect. The pathological significance of the TH-mediated hepatoprotective effect by DAPK2 was confirmed by the concomitant decrease in the expression of THRs and DAPK2 in matched HCC tumor tissues. Taken together, these findings indicate that TH promotes selective autophagy via induction of DAPK2-SQSTM1 cascade, which in turn protects hepatocytes from DEN-induced hepatotoxicity or carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2271-2285
Number of pages15
JournalAutophagy
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Death-Associated Protein Kinases
Autophagy
Thyroid Hormones
Diethylnitrosamine
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Dependovirus
Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
Chloroquine
Transcriptional Activation
DNA Damage
Hepatocytes
Carcinogenesis
Phosphorylation
Liver
Incidence

Keywords

  • DAPK2
  • HCC
  • selective autophagy
  • SQSTM1/p62
  • THR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Chi, H. C., Chen, S. L., Tsai, C. Y., Chuang, W. Y., Huang, Y. H., Tsai, M. C., ... Lin, K. H. (2016). Thyroid hormone suppresses hepatocarcinogenesis via DAPK2 and SQSTM1-dependent selective autophagy. Autophagy, 12(12), 2271-2285. https://doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2016.1230583

Thyroid hormone suppresses hepatocarcinogenesis via DAPK2 and SQSTM1-dependent selective autophagy. / Chi, Hsiang Cheng; Chen, Shen Liang; Tsai, Chung Ying; Chuang, Wen Yu; Huang, Ya Hui; Tsai, Ming Chieh; Wu, Sheng Ming; Sun, Cheng Pu; Yeh, Chau Ting; Lin, Kwang Huei.

In: Autophagy, Vol. 12, No. 12, 01.12.2016, p. 2271-2285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chi, HC, Chen, SL, Tsai, CY, Chuang, WY, Huang, YH, Tsai, MC, Wu, SM, Sun, CP, Yeh, CT & Lin, KH 2016, 'Thyroid hormone suppresses hepatocarcinogenesis via DAPK2 and SQSTM1-dependent selective autophagy', Autophagy, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 2271-2285. https://doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2016.1230583
Chi, Hsiang Cheng ; Chen, Shen Liang ; Tsai, Chung Ying ; Chuang, Wen Yu ; Huang, Ya Hui ; Tsai, Ming Chieh ; Wu, Sheng Ming ; Sun, Cheng Pu ; Yeh, Chau Ting ; Lin, Kwang Huei. / Thyroid hormone suppresses hepatocarcinogenesis via DAPK2 and SQSTM1-dependent selective autophagy. In: Autophagy. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 2271-2285.
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