Thymosin beta-4 directs cell fate determination of human mesenchymal stem cells through biophysical effects

Jennifer H. Ho, Wei Hsien Ma, Yeu Su, Kuang Ching Tseng, Tom K. Kuo, O. K S Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Change of actin filament organization at the early stage of cell differentiation directs cell fate commitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Thymosin beta-4 (Tβ4), a major G-actin sequestering peptide, is known to regulate the cytoskeleton. The study investigated the ways in whichTβ4 regulates cell fate determination inMSCsupon differentiation induction. It was found thatTβ4 decreased F-actin formation, reduced the F-actin/G-actin ratio, and inhibited osteogenic differentiation; such actin reorganization was not associated with the change of Runt-related transcription factor 2 gene expression during early osteogenic induction. Besides, Tβ4 reciprocally facilitated adipogenic differentiation. Tβ4 treatment was found to up-regulate gene as well as promote surface expression of adipocyte adhesion molecule during early adipogenic differentiation, which accompanied acceleration of adipocyte phenotypic maturation but was not associated with differential expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorgammaduring the first week of adipogenic induction. In summary, Tβ4 initiated cell fate determination of MSCs through biophysical effects exerted by cytoskeleton reorganization and altered cellcell adhesion rather than direct regulation of lineage-determining transcriptional factors. Such findings suggest that Tβ4, a ubiquitous peptide, may be involved in osteoporosis when its intracellular concentration is elevated. Further investigation of targeting Tβ4 for future osteoporosis treatment is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Actins
Cytoskeleton
Osteoporosis
Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein
Peroxisome Proliferators
Peptides
Actin Cytoskeleton
Adipocytes
thymosin beta(4)
Cell Differentiation
Transcription Factors
Up-Regulation
Gene Expression
Genes

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Adipocyte adhesion molecule
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Thymosin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Thymosin beta-4 directs cell fate determination of human mesenchymal stem cells through biophysical effects. / Ho, Jennifer H.; Ma, Wei Hsien; Su, Yeu; Tseng, Kuang Ching; Kuo, Tom K.; Lee, O. K S.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 131-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ho, Jennifer H. ; Ma, Wei Hsien ; Su, Yeu ; Tseng, Kuang Ching ; Kuo, Tom K. ; Lee, O. K S. / Thymosin beta-4 directs cell fate determination of human mesenchymal stem cells through biophysical effects. In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2010 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 131-138.
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