Our previous study indicated that Thy-1, which is expressed on blood vessel endothelium in settings of pathological and a specific of physiological, but not during embryonic, angiogenesis, may be used as a marker for angiogenesis. However, the function of Thy-1 during angiogenesis is still not clear. Here, we demonstrate that knock-down of the endogenous Thy-1 expression by Thy-1 siRNA transfection promoted the migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). In contrast, treatment with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) increased the level of Thy-1 protein and reduced the migration of HUVEC. These effects were abolished by pre-transfection of HUVEC with Thy-1 siRNA to knock-down the expression of Thy-1. Moreover, over-expression of Thy-1 by transfection of HUVEC with Thy-1 pcDNA3.1 decreased the activity of RhoA and Rac-1 and inhibited the adhesion, migration and capillary-like tube formation of these cells. These effects were prevented by co-transfection of the cell with constitutively active RhoA construct (RhoA V14). On the other hand, pre-treatment with a ROCK (a kinase associated with RhoA for transducing RhoA signaling) inhibitor, Y27632, abolished the RhoA V14-induced prevention effect on the Thy-1-induced inhibition of endothelial cell migration and tube formation. Taken together, these results indicate that suppression of the RhoA-mediated pathway might participate in the Thy-1-induced migration inhibition in HUVEC. In the present study, we uncover a completely novel role of Thy-1 in endothelial cell behaviors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)