28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In addition to its functions in thrombosis and hemostasis, thrombin also plays an important role in lung inflammation. Our previous report showed that thrombin activates the protein kinase C (PKC)α/c-Src and Gβγ/Rac1/PI3K/Akt signaling pathways to induce IκB kinase α/β (IKKα/β) activation, NF-κB transactivation, and IL-8/CXCL8 expressions in human lung epithelial cells (ECs). In this study, we further investigated the mechanism of c-Src-dependent Shc, Raf-1, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways involved in thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 release. Thrombin-induced increases in IL-8/CXCL8 release and κB-luciferase activity were inhibited by the Shc small interfering RNA (siRNA), p66Shc siRNA, GW 5074 (a Raf-1 inhibitor), and PD98059 (a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase (MEK) inhibitor). Treatment of A549 cells with thrombin increased p66Shc and p46/p52Shc phosphorylation at Tyr239/240 and Tyr317, which was inhibited by cell transfection with the dominant negative mutant of c-Src (c-Src DN). Thrombin caused time-dependent phosphorylation of Raf-1 and ERK, which was attenuated by the c-Src DN. Thrombin-induced IKKα/β phosphorylation was inhibited by GW 5074 and PD98059. Treatment of cells with thrombin induced Gβγ, c-Src, and p66Shc complex formation in a time-dependent manner. Taken together, these results show for the first time that thrombin activates Shc, Raf-1, and ERK through Gβγ, c-Src, and Shc complex formation to induce IKKα/β phosphorylation, NF-κB activation, and IL-8/CXCL8 release in human lung ECs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1166-1175
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Epithelial cells
  • IL-8/CXCL8
  • Lung
  • NF-κB
  • Shc
  • Thrombin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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