Three novel integrin β3 subunit missense mutations (H280P, C560F, and G579S) in thrombasthenia, including one (H280P) prevalent in Japanese patients

Hironobu Ambo, Tetsuji Kamata, Makoto Handa, Masashi Taki, Minoru Kuwajima, Yohko Kawai, Atsushi Oda, Mitsuru Murata, Yoshikazu Takada, Kiyoaki Watanabe, Yasuo Ikeda

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36 Citations (Scopus)


We analyzed three unrelated Japanese patients with type II Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) for associated mutations. Polymerase chain reaction and subsequent direct sequencing of platelet RNA and genomic DNA revealed three single nucleotide substitutions of the integrin β3 subunit gene (His (CAT)-280 to Pro (CCT), Cys (TGT)-560 to Phe (TTT), and Gly(GGC)-579 to Ser(AGC)). Interestingly, the three unrelated patients all had the H280P mutation; one was homozygous and the other two heterozygous for this mutation. Ectopic expression of wild type and mutant complexes in Chinese hamster ovary cells revealed decreased surface expression of the mutated αIIbβ3 complexes, thus demonstrating that these mutations may result in the mild GT phenotypes. The identification of three unrelated patients having the same mutation (H280P) suggests that this mutation might be prevalent in the Japanese thrombasthenic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-768
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 29 1998
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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