Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy-based or intensity-modulated radiotherapy-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

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Background: To date, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and CCRT with standard fractionation three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) have not been compared. In this study, the outcomes of IMRT-based concurrent CCRT and those of 3D-CRT-based CCRT were compared in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). Methods: We enrolled 2062 patients with TESCC who had received CCRT and categorized them into two groups on the basis of their treatment modality: Group 1 (3D-CRT-based CCRT) and Group 2 (IMRT-based CCRT). Results: Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that the American Joint Committee on Cancer advanced stages (≥IIIA) and 3D-CRT were significant independent predictors of poor outcomes in patients with TESCC who received definitive CCRT. Moreover, receiving IMRT-based CCRT (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.88, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.78–0.98) was a significant independent prognostic factor for overall survival (p = 0.0223). In Group 2, aHRs (95% CIs) for overall mortality at early (IA–IIB) and advanced clinical stages were 0.91 (0.67–1.25, p = 0.5746) and 0.88 (0.77–0.99, p = 0.0368), respectively. Conclusion: IMRT-based CCRT resulted in higher survival rates in patients with advanced clinical stages of TESCC (i.e., IIIA–IIIC), namely, clinical T3, clinical T4, or lymph node involvement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1529
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019



  • Concurrent chemoradiotherapy
  • Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Thoracic esophageal cancer
  • Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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