Thoracoscopic surgery via a single-incision subxiphoid approach is associated with less postoperative pain than single-incision transthoracic or three-incision transthoracic approaches for spontaneous pneumothorax

Bing Yen Wang, Yin Chun Chang, Yih Chen Chang, Kung Min Wang, Ching Hsiung Lin, Sheng Hao Lin, Wei Cheng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Comparison of the degree of postoperative pain associated with different thoracoscopic surgical techniques for spontaneous pneumothorax has never reported. In this study we compared perioperative outcomes and degrees of postoperative pain associated with single-incision subxiphoid thoracoscopic surgery, single-incision transthoracic thoracoscopic surgery and three-incision transthoracic thoracoscopic surgery for spontaneous pneumothorax. Methods: During the period August 2013 to September 2015, fifty-seven consecutive patients with spontaneous pneumothorax were treated via single-incision subxiphoid thoracoscopic surgery, single-incision transthoracic thoracoscopic surgery or three-incision transthoracic thoracoscopic surgery. Demographic data, operative time, operative blood loss, length of hospital stay, duration of chest tube drainage, postoperative complications, and numeric pain rating scale scores were collected from the medical records for analysis. Results: Among the 57 patients, 14 received single-incision subxiphoid thoracoscopic surgery, 26 underwent single-incision transthoracic surgery and 17 received three-incision thoracoscopic surgery. In all patients, surgeries were completed without the need for conversion to open surgery. Patients who underwent the single-incision subxiphoid procedure had significantly lower 1-, 8-, 24- and 32-hour postoperative pain scale scores than patients who underwent the other two procedures. The average and maximum pain scale scores during the first 24 hours were lowest in the single-incision subxiphoid group (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Single-incision subxiphoid thoracoscopic surgery is associated with significantly lower postoperative pain intensity than transthoracic approaches and therefore may provide an alternative surgical technique for patients with spontaneous pneumothorax.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S272-S278
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Pain
  • Pneumothorax
  • Single incision
  • Subxiphoid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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