Thermally conductive polymeric composites incorporating 3D MWCNT/PEDOT: PSS scaffolds

Cai Wan Chang-Jian, Er Chieh Cho, Kuen Chan Lee, Jen Hsien Huang, Po Yu Chen, Bo Cheng Ho, Yu Sheng Hsiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although several types of stabilizers have been investigated recently to disperse carbon nanotubes (CNTs), the most common of them are thermal insulators that increase the thermal resistance and hinder the heat conduction across the CNT junctions. In this study, we dispersed multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) using the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) as a functional surfactant. Upon sonication, PEDOT:PSS covered the surfaces of the MWCNTs, thereby preventing their π-stacking and increasing their dispersion. Moreover, PEDOT:PSS acted as a thermally conductive bridge that connected the MWCNTs and decreased their thermal resistance. We employed a freeze-drying method to prepare MWCNT/PEDOT:PSS composites with hierarchical microstructures. After introducing polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) into the MWCNT/PEDOT:PSS foam, the thermal conductivity of the MWCNT/PEDOT:PSS and PDMS composite reached 1.16 W/mK—over 550% higher than that of pure PDMS. These results suggest that such PDMS composites might be useful as thermal interface materials for thermal management in electronic and photonic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Scaffolds
Styrene
Carbon nanotubes
Composite materials
Polydimethylsiloxane
Heat resistance
Sonication
poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate)
Conducting polymers
Heat conduction
Temperature control
Surface-Active Agents
Photonics
Foams
poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)
Thermal conductivity
Drying
Surface active agents
Microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Thermally conductive polymeric composites incorporating 3D MWCNT/PEDOT : PSS scaffolds. / Chang-Jian, Cai Wan; Cho, Er Chieh; Lee, Kuen Chan; Huang, Jen Hsien; Chen, Po Yu; Ho, Bo Cheng; Hsiao, Yu Sheng.

In: Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 136, 01.03.2018, p. 46-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang-Jian, Cai Wan ; Cho, Er Chieh ; Lee, Kuen Chan ; Huang, Jen Hsien ; Chen, Po Yu ; Ho, Bo Cheng ; Hsiao, Yu Sheng. / Thermally conductive polymeric composites incorporating 3D MWCNT/PEDOT : PSS scaffolds. In: Composites Part B: Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 136. pp. 46-54.
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