We sought to determine whether recombinant human thrombopoietin (TPO) acts synergistically with recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) and/or recombinant human interleukin-3 (IL-3) on erythroid burst formation and granulocyte-macrophage colony formation from human bone marrow (BM). BM cells were from 5 adults and 15 children who underwent bone marrow examination because of a clinical suspicion of malignancy; their bone marrows as well as the complete blood counts were normal and were cultured in a methylcellulose system. TPO has a synergistic effect with EPO or EPO + IL-3 on erythropoiesis of human BM, as the addition of TPO to EPO significantly gave rise to more erythroid bursts (p = 0.0001) and the addition of TPO to EPO + IL-3 might give rise to more erythroid bursts (p = 0.05). TPO also has a synergistic effect with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on myelopoiesis of human BM, since the addition of TPO to G-CSF gave rise to significantly more granulocyte-macrophage colonies (p = 0.0001). Besides its well-known significant role in megakaryopoiesis, TPO also has synergistic effects on erythropoiesis and myelopoiesis. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
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