The objective of this research is to study the effects of alumina addition on the microstructure-mechanical property relationship and sintering behavior of yttria (3 mol%)-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Well-dispersed YSZ/Al 2O3 ceramics containing 10-40 wt.% Al2O 3 were prepared by solid state reaction method. The relative density, average grain size, lattice parameters, microhardness, and fracture toughness of YSZ/Al2O3 ceramics system sintered in the temperature range of 1250∼1500°C as a function of Al2O3 content were investigated. Experimental results showed that the ceramics with high Al2O3 content and low sintering temperature tended to reveal low bulk densities. But the Al2O3 content dependence on relative density for YSZ/Al2O3 ceramics becomed deminishing when increasing the sintering temperature. Dense ceramics with composition of (80/20) (YSZ/Al2O3) and sintered at temperature of 1400°C and 1450°C revealed the optimal Vickers hardness and fracture toughness properties. These ceramics with high Al2O 3 content tended to reveal small grain sizes. The high sintering temperature governs the slow grain growth and high hardness in materials indicating the good correlation between microstructure of fabricated dense and mechanical properties.
|Journal||Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2013|
- Yttrium-stabilized zirconium polycrystal
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering